Andhra Pradesh: Relief and Structure

Andhra Pradesh has varied topography. It varies from the hills of Eastern Ghats and Nallamala Hills to the shores of Bay of Bengal.



Fig: Andhra Pradesh-Political Map

Two main river of Andhra Pradesh;Krishna and Godavari, flows through the state.

The state has two regions Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.

The plains to the east of Eastern Ghats form the Eastern coastal plains. The coastal plains are for the most part of delta regions formed by the Godavari, Krishna, and Penna rivers.

The Eastern Ghats are not continuous and each section of this their own name. The Eastern Ghats are a major dividing line in the state’s geography. The Kadapa Basinformed by two arching branches of the Eastern Ghats is a mineral-rich area. The Ghats become more pronounced towards the south and extreme north of the coast. Most of the coastal plains are put to intense agricultural use.

The Rayalaseema region has semi-arid conditions, where average rainfall is very low. In this region dry conditions prevails and droughts are more recurrently occurring. Lambasingi (or Lammasingi), a village in the Chintapalli Mandal of Visakhapatnam district is situated at 1000 meters above the sea level. It is the only place in South India which has snowfall and is also nicknamed as Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh. Throughout the year the temperature here ranges from 0 °C to 10 °C.


Geographically, Andhra Pradesh can be divided into following categories:


  • Deccan Plateau-> the western part of Andhra Pradesh comes under Deccan Plateau region. It has semi arid climatic conditions. Ananthapur and Kurnool districts are under this region.


  • Central Plateau->Cuddapah, Prakasham and Guntur district comes under central plateau. It his highland with low to high vegetation cover.


  • Eastern Highland-> This region run parallel to Eastern Ghat. Eastern highland gets good rain through retreating and winter cyclones from Bay of Bengal.


  • East Coastal Plain: These plain is often called Circar in this region. These coastal plains form large deltas from Godavari and Krishna river. Many irrigation project and navigation project are being setup in this region. This area consists of major ports like Vishakhapatnam. Lake Pulicat is brackish water lake on the eastern coastal plains.





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