Tribes history, geographical location,economy and their customs for Ras Prelims and Ras Mains

NameGeographical location and populationsHistory and lineageEconomic activitySocial and Family life 
MEENAConstitute about 51.20% of population and concentrated in districts of Jaipur,Dausa,Sawai Madhopur,Rajsamand and Udaipur

 

Word meena means fish, Chandrabhardai states their origin to the kingdom south of alwar,dausa and bharatpur prior to Rajput ruleThey are divided into the Zamindars and Chaukidars.

Chaukidar meens consider themselves to be superior and are seldom involved in criminal activities.

Bhrama,Gandharva and Rakshasha form of marriage were prevalent in meenas. Divorce is not common but husband can tear a piece of dupatta and put in palm of wife to divorce.

Family is patrilineal and joint in nature.

BHILLargely settled in Banswara,Bhilwara, Dungapur, Udaipur,Sirohi and Chitorgarh DistrictsAnthropologists consider them to be decedents of Mundas, Col. Tod consider them to be the aboriginal inhabitants of aravali area of then Mewar state.They were traditionally nomadic but now they practice Chaimata(Burnig of hill slopes for cereals,pulses and vegetables cultivation) and Dajia(felling forest of plains) type of Agriculture.They wrap Falu around their wriest.

Their houses are known as Koo

Village chief is called Tadvi and Banso.

They eat non vegiteranian food and are habitual drinker of Mahua(local wine)

GARASIYAMainly in Udaipur DistrictDecendents of Chauhans and rajputs.Mainly depends on agriculture and cattle rearingThey have patrilineal family.

Three form of marriage (i)Mor Bandhiya (ii)Paharwana (iii) Tanna are prevalent.

Widow remarriage is prevalent.

SANSIBharatpurTrace to person named SansmalThey live nomadic life, small scale handicrafs and cottage industriesThey don’t have permanent residence and are exogamous in nature.

Widow marriage is not allowed.

SAHARIYAKotaaborginalFarming and cattle breading.Their villages are known sahrol

They are peace loving

Sagotra marriage is forbidden

KANJARKota,Bundi,Jhalawara,

Bhilwara,alwar,Udaipur,

And Ajmer

Wanderers

Of wood

Theivery,Dacoity and highway robbery

They worship “Pati Manga” before their criminal activities.

Head is known as Patel.

They take oath of Hakam raja

Non vegetarian  and alcholic

KATHODIKotari Tehsil in Baran Agricultural labours 
DAMORESeeemalwara panchayat of DungarpurTrace their origin to RajputsFarmingThey are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol.

Widow goes for Nata ie informal marriage with some person.

Child Mundan is prevalent.

Highly Superstitious and believes in ghosts and magic

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