Andhra Leaders During The Freedom Struggle

Alluri Seetarama Raju

Born in Kshatriya family in West Godavari district he left all his wealth to fight against the British rule. He led armed rebellion in the agency where British officials harassed people under the Forest act. He united people of various tribes and sent shivers among Britishers by attacking police stations, capturing weapons with guerilla attacks. His attacks are referred to as Rampa rebellion.

Pingali Venkaiah

Pingali Venkaiah a staunch worshipper of Mahatma Gandhi was known as Diamond Venkaiah for his knowlege on diamond mines. He did research on cotton farming and he designed Indian National Flag. He was a great freedom fighter who fought many battles against the British.

Potti Sreeramulu

Potti Sreeramulu inspired by Gandhi,took part in Salt Satyagraha and Quit India movements. He was arrested thrice. He also fought for the empowerment of dalits. After the freedom struggle he made the supreme sacrifice for the formation of Andhra Pradesh state by undertaking fast unto death.

Acharya NG Ranga

Ranga inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, led farmers agitation in 1933. He found Kisan Congress and held many discussions with Gandhi on farmer state. He represented people of his constituency in Parliament for 6 decades from 1931 to 1991 and is hailed as father of peasant movement.

Sardar Goutu Lachanna

Goutu Lachanna from Srikakulam district was arrested when he aws 21 for taking part in salt satyagraha. He was hailed as Sardar for his fearless attitude in Quit India movement. He was sent to Takkali, Narasannapeta jail and later was imprisoned in Berhampur jail. He organised Satyagraha in Barua and organised  picketing of foreign cloth shops in Srikakulam district. He gave grand welcome to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army and also fought against untouchability.

Tanguturi prakasam Pantulu

Like Punjab kesari Lala Lajpat Rai, Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu was hailed as Andhra Kesari. He was popular for his boldness daring Britishers to shoot him down by tearing open his shirt during his protests against Simon Commission in 1928 in Madras. He was the first CM of Andhra Pradesh.

Kanneganti Hanumanthu

Kaneganti Hanumanthu was a freedom fighter who rebelled against British Rule and spearheaded the Palnadu Rebellion against tax. He was executed by the British General Rutherford.[citation needed] He was born in Minchalapadu in the Durgi mandal which is in Palnadu in Guntur district. A local peasant leader, he refused to pay British taxes and participated in a revolt over the issue. He was killed while resisting British police forces at the age of 30.

Swami Ramananda Teertha

Swami Ramanand Tirtha was an Indian freedom fighter, educator and social activist who led the Hyderabad liberation struggle during the reign of Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam of Hyderabad State. Swami Ramanand Tirtha was the principal leader of the Hyderabad State Congress. Before taking Sanyasa, his family name was Vyenkatesh Bhagvanrao Khedgikar.

wami Ramanand Tirtha fought the Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, the Nizam of Hyderabad, after the Hyderabad State Congress was established in 1938. He participated in Satyagrahas (“non-violent resistance” campaigns) and was imprisoned for 111 days by Osman Ali Khan. Swami Ramanand Tirtha is credited for having created a revolutionary movement to integrate Hyderabad State with the Indian Union in 1948. Swami Ramanand Tirtha ability to galvanize the people in concert with the decisive military victory of the Hyderabad Police Action are credited with the states successful integration into the India Union.  Swamiji had communist leanings initially, but would later take the renunciant vows of the Hindu sannyasi (“ascetic”, “monk”) tradition.His original name was Vyenkatesh Bhagvanrao Khedgikar. He was given the name “Swami Ramanand Tirtha” after taking the sanyas initiation of voluntary bachelorship for the remainder of his life. Swami Ramanand Tirtha is said to have taken sanyas at the villages of Hipparge Rava, Taluka- Lohara and the District of Osmanabad.

Kaloji Nayaran Rao

Kaloji Narayana Rao born on 9th September 1914 at Madikonda village of Warangal district A.P.  Popularly known as Kaloji or Kalanna is a well known freedom fighter of India and a political activist of Telangana. He is known for his contributions in the social and literary. He won Padma Vibhushan.

During his student days and later, was heavily influenced by the movements of the time as the Arya Samaj movement, especially the civil rights of it, the Library Movement and the Movement of Andhra Maha Sabha. The care and brotherly kindness of his elder brother Rameshwar Rao Kaloji, a prominent Urdu poet, has also played a vital role in shaping the personality of Kaloji. He participated in the activities of Andhra Mahasabha since its inception in 1934. He was also associated with the Arya Samaj. He actively participated in the liberation movement of the former state of Hyderabad and was remanded in custody under the Nizam. He has also participated in various social, political and literary of A.P. Their active participation of the masses and their problems and their relentless struggle for emancipation, of course, have won in the same way people love and the wrath of the powers. He is one of those select fighters for freedom in our country who were imprisoned by the feudal lords and foreign rulers before achieving independence for India and Indian leaders since then.

Kaloji  had the title Praja Kavi  was closer to his heart, and that led him closer to the people. He began writing poetry since his early school days. He composed his first poem in 1931 while still in his teens, react emotionally to the execution of Bhagat Singh and soon became a prominent writer and voracious reader. His writings are very varied, as are numerous. These include Na Godava, a collection of his poems in eight volumes, stories and translations. Na Kaloji of Godava is unique both in style and content. The great Telugu poet Sri Dasaradhi called it “a commentary on contemporary history.” This is essentially the poetry of dissent and eloquent testimony to his concern for reform and the courage to rebel. His other notable literary works are ‘Kaloji Kathalu’, ‘Vijayam Thudi Manadi Jayam’, ‘Vyavam Parthiva’ and ‘Telangana Udyama Kavithalu’, and translations, entitled “Na Bharata Desha Yatra ‘ and ‘ Jeevana Gita ‘.  He also wrote extensively in Marathi, English, Urdu and Hindi.  He also translated many literary works from other languages ​​into Telugu.

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