05.08.21 Daily APPSC Current Affairs.

ANDHRA PRADESH

Andhra Pradesh: In 3 years, over 63 lakh tonnes rice ferried to other states

As much as 63.5 lakh tonnes of rice have been dispatched from Andhra Pradesh to other rice deficit states by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) in the last three years.

Surplus stocks of wheat and rice from various states are moved to deficit states to meet the requirements under the National Food security Act, 2013 by the FCI.

Andhra Pradesh produces an average 130 lakh tonnes of paddy every year. According to official statistics, the production of paddy in the state is estimated at 134.15 lakh metric tonnes in 2020-21 as against 137.10 lakh MTs in 2019-20.

The FCI, in the draft report of the Committee on Public Undertakings (2020-21), mentioned that Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh are surplus states in terms of wheat procurement vis-a-vis their own consumption. Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh and Odisha are surplus states in terms of rice procurement vis-à-vis their own consumption.
According to the report, about a decade back, nearly 90% of stocks were moved from the north, mainly from Punjab and Haryana, which has now come down to 72%. This is due to an increase in procurement of rice in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal, and wheat in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

The area under paddy in kharif 2020-21 in Andhra Pradesh was 16.90 lakh hectares against 15.26 lakh hectares in 2019-20, representing an increase of 10.7%. Similarly, the production of paddy in kharif 2020-21 was 71.37 lakh tonnes compared to 80.13 lakh tonnes in 2019-20, marking a decrease of 10.9%.

The area under paddy in rabi 2020-21 was 8.81 lakh hectares compared to 8.3 lakh hectares in 2019-20, translating to an increase of 6.1%. Similarly, the production under paddy in rabi 2020-21 was 61.89 lakh tonnes against 56.97 lakh tonnes in 2019-20, showing an increase of 8.6%.
Andhra Pradesh, on its own, procured 34,49,067 MTs of paddy with a value of Rs 6,286 crore from 2.22 lakh farmers in 2019-20. Similarly, in kharif of 2020-21 (October 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021), a quantity of 47,49,844 MTs of paddy, valued at Rs 8,900 crore, was procured from 5.18 lakh farmers.

The gross area irrigated in Andhra Pradesh increased to 38.13 lakh hectares in 2019-20 from 36.35 lakh hectares in 2018-19.

INTERNATIONAL

 

India Signs MoU with World Bank for $250 Million Project

 

The World Bank has authorized a USD 250 million project in India for long-term dam safety software and improving the safety and performance of existing dams across quite a number of states of India.

Highlights:

The 2nd Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP-2) agreement was inked on between the World Bank, the Indian Government, the Central Water Commission, and government representatives from 10 collaborating states. The assignment will be applied at the countrywide stage through the Central Water Commission (CWC).

At the national level, about a hundred and twenty dams will be undertaken throughout Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. Other states or businesses may additionally be added to the mission at some point of task implementation.

 

NATIONAL

 

 

Nearly 27% food samples found substandard in 2020-21, one in five such samples found unsafe: Govt

 

Nearly 27% of the food samples picked up for testing in 2020-21 did not conform to the standards and one out of every five non-conforming samples was found to be unsafe.
In a written reply, the food and consumer affairs ministry told Rajya Sabha  that 23,493 out of the 86,696 food samples that were analysed were found non-conforming to the standards and 4,675 samples were found to be “unsafe”. Another 11,027 of the samples that were analysed were found as substandard.

According to the government data, a maximum of 1,921 food samples were found unsafe in Uttar Pradesh, followed by Tamil Nadu (1,221) and Kerala (543). Meghalaya was the only state where all 48 samples were found to be conforming with the prescribed standards.
The ministry informed the Upper House that 20,959 civil cases were registered against the offenders and 13,195 cases were decided. Another 3,608 criminal cases were initiated against the violators and 486 cases were decided. According to the ministry, the state government agencies have raised a penalty of Rs 4.21 crore against the violators.

It said no separate data is available with respect to action taken in respect of food grain distributed at PDS shops.

 

 

48% parents not willing to send their kids to schools till they get Covid vaccines: Survey

 

Nearly 48 per cent parents are not willing to send their children to schools till they are vaccinated against the novel coronavirus infection, says a new survey.

The survey conducted with over 32,000 parents across 361 districts in the country found that 30 per cent parents are willing to send their wards to schools if coronavirus cases in their districts come down to zero.

 

Vaccinating children in the coming months is going to be key if children are to go to schools for physical classes. Forty-eight per cent of the surveyed parents said they are not willing to send their children to schools till they are vaccinated.

“At least 21 per cent of parents said whenever the schools reopen, they are ready to send their wards there,” said the survey by an online platform, Local Circles.

Nearly 47 per cent of the respondents of the survey were from tier 1 districts, 27 per cent from tier 2 and 26 per cent respondents were from tier 3, 4 and rural districts.

 

The states that have partially reopened schools this month include Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh have announced reopening of schools in the first week of August.

 

Bronze Medal for the Indian Hockey Team

Indian men’s hockey team defeated Germany to win their first-ever Olympic medal in forty-one years.

Key Points:

♦ India wins the bronze medal in men’s hockey after beating Germany 5-4 at Tokyo Olympics. Before this podium ended for bronze, India closing climbed up the Olympic podium in 1980, gaining its 8th gold at the Games. Simranjeet Singh scored two desires for India at the Oi Hockey Stadium, alongside Hardik Singh, Harmanpreet Singh and Rupinder Pal Singh, including their names on the scoresheet.

 

Lovlina Claims Bronze Medal in Tokyo Olympics

 

Indian Boxer Lovlina Borgohain has failed to attain the gold medal remaining match. She settles for a bronze medal.

Key Points:

This is India’s third medal of the ongoing Tokyo Olympics. She lost to Busenaz Surmeneli of Turkey by unanimous selection in the women’s welterweight (69 kg) semifinal at Tokyo 2020. Lovlina had already assured India of their first boxing medal at the ongoing Olympic Games when she upstaged former world champion, Nien-Chin Chen of Taiwan, to enter the semis.

 

Performance of National AIDS Control Programme

 

An external evaluation of the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) was conducted in 2020 on the advice of NITI Aayog, which found that the programme has done a commendable job and performed very well.

Highlights:

♦ The NACP was launched in 1992. It is being implemented as a comprehensive programme to prevent and manipulate HIV/AIDS in India.

♦ The NACP I was started in 1992 and was implemented with the goal of slowing down HIV infections so as to decrease morbidity, mortality and the effect of AIDS in the country.

♦ In November 1999, the 2nd National AIDS Control Project (NACP II) was launched to limit the unfold of HIV contamination in India and expand India’s potential to respond to HIV/AIDS on a long-term basis.

♦ The 3rd National AIDS Control Project (NACP III) was launched in July 2007 to Halt and Reverse the Epidemic over its five-year period.

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