The Mughals 3

   Akbar the Great    In 1542, Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal rulers, was born at Amarkot.    When Humayun fled to Iran, Kamran (brother of Humayun) captured young Akbar. Kamran treated the child well; however, Akbar was re-united with his parents after the capture of Qandhar.    When … Read more

The Mughals 2

   Humayun’s Conquest      Throughout the reign period (1530-1556), Humayun had faced many adverse conditions; however, he did not lose his patience rather fought with courage.    Born on 17 March 1508, Humayun succeeded Babur (his father) in December 1530 at the young age of 23.    Babur, because … Read more

The Mughals 1

 Introduction  In the fourteenth century, the disintegration of the Mongol empire led Timur to unite Iran and Turan under one rule.  Timur’s empire was spread from the lower Volga to the river Indus, including Iran,  Asia  Minor (modern Turkey), Trans-Oxiana, Afghanistan, and some part of Punjab.    In 1404, Timur … Read more

Student Unrest

 Student’s unrest Students’ unrest is characterised by “collective discon­tent, dysfunctional conditions in educational institutions and concern (of public and students) for change in existing norms”. Students ‘agitations, on the other hand, are characterised by ‘action based on the feeling of injus­tice, identifying source of discontent, frustration and deprivation, emergence of leadership, mobilisation for … Read more

Struggle For Emancipation Of Dalits And Their Empowerment

 Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment Dalit empowerment Dalit empowerment may be defined as a process of gaining control by Dalits as a community over self, ideology, material and knowledge resources, which determine power relationship in a society. As a political process, Dalit empowerment challenges the prevailing power structure of subordination … Read more

Structure Of Government And Economic Policies Of British Empire In India

 Structure of Government and economic policies of British Empire in India (1757- 1857) : Administrative organization, Social and Cultural policies Structure of government under east india company (1757-1857) When the officials of the East India Company acquired control over Bengal in 1765, they had little intention of making any innovations in its administration. … Read more

Socio Religious Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosophical Society

 Socio-religious reform movements in the 19th century: Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosophical Society India has a long history of socio-religious reform movements. However, the present work focuses on the social reform movements of Nineteenth century only. The reforms by definition entail change or replacement of the institutions, which have become functionally irrelevant(totally or … Read more

Social Reform Measures By British Government

 Social reform measures by British Government (1828 to 1857) Indian Society in the 19th century was caught in a vicious web created by religious superstitions and dogmas. All religions in general and Hinduism in particular had become a compound of magic, animism, and superstitions. The abominable rites like animal sacrifice and physical torture … Read more

Social Reforms Movements In Muslim Community

 Social Reforms Movements in Muslim Community: Wahabi Movement & Aligarh Movement   The Muslims reformers in India launched many religious movements. Some tried to revive the religion and other tried to reform the religion. During the 19th century religion reforms movement were on the peak. Movements like Deoband Movement, Ahamadiya movement, Aligarh Movement; … Read more

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