06.01.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

ANDHRA PRADESH

Patent filings in Andhra Pradesh record 50% growth

 

As per the ‘Intellectual property India annual report’ (2019-20) released a few days ago, Andhra Pradesh filed 484 patents in 2019-20 compared to 321 in 2018-19. The state has maintained its 11th position in the country.

Punjab recorded 117% growth during this time by filing 1,435 patents. The top three states in terms of patent applications in 2019-20 were Maharashtra (4,741), Tamil Nadu (3,546) and Karnataka (2,230).

Other states and Union territories that showed a noteworthy jump were Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and north-eastern states.

Of the 56,267 applications, Indians filed 20,843 patents, while the foreign applications contributed to the lion’s share of this figure at 35,424. Domestic filing was about 37% of the total applications filed as compared to 33.6% during the last year.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

North Korea Hypersonic Missile

 

North Korea fired a “hypersonic missile” on January 5, 2022, that successfully hit a target.

 

It was North Korea’s second such test, as the country pursues new military capabilities because of stalled denuclearisation talks.

The launch by North Korea was the first since October 2021.

It was detected by several militaries in the region.

However, this test drew criticism from governments in the United States, Japan and South Korea.

 

North Korea had first tested a hypersonic missile in September 2021 and joined a race headed by major military powers for deploying the advanced weapons system.

 

Japan – Australia Defence Agreement

 

Japan and Australia will sign a defence agreement to boost security and defence cooperation. The signing of the agreement is considered “historic”. This is to anger China. The agreement is to expand Quad agenda. The agreement will reduce Chinese influence in ASEAN. It will aid in achieving free and open Indo – Pacific.

 

The agreement includes sharing military facilities between the countries, landing rights, securing port access, logistic support, legal regimes, logistic support. This means the advanced F-35s (fighter jet) of Japan can now practice in Australian soil. The Australian submarines can now operate in Japanese waters. The countries can build special forces together. Both Japan and Australia share a common interest of keeping the US engaged in the Indo – Pacific.

 

The ASEAN countries are important for both Japan and Australia. China is trying to break ASEAN countries away from world countries. China is also trying to weaken their regional cooperation. According to Japan and Australia, the diplomatic efforts like that of the defence agreement will stop China from turning ASEAN into its business clients.

 

Digital Yuan Wallet

 

The Chinese government intends to introduce the Digital Yuan, Digital Currency to the rest of the world at the 2022 Winter Olympics. It has the same value as paper currency.

 

China’s digital currency is the Digital Yuan. It was first released in 2014 and it has been operational (at least in test mode) since then.

The Digital Yuan is a fiat currency, not a cryptocurrency. The Chinese Central Bank is in charge of it.

The workings of the Digital Yuan are divided into two categories. Expenses and Distribution The Chinese central bank distributes the digital Yuan to commercial banks.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

ECRP II Funds

 

The Indian government recently declared that 50 percent of the ECRP – II money has been disbursed.

Highlights:

The declaration was made in response to media reports that only 26.14 percent of the monies had been disbursed.The main goal of the ECRP is to hasten the healthcare system’s readiness.

From July 2021 and March 2022, the ECRP – II will be implemented. Rs 23,123 crores has indeed been set aside for phase two.

The central government will contribute Rs 15,000 crores, with the states picking up the balance

Action Plan for Introduction of Cheetah in India

 

The ‘Action Plan for Introduction of Cheetah in India’ was released by environment ministry in the 19th meeting of National Tiger Conservation Authority.

 

Under the action plan, 50 cheetahs will be introduced in India, in the next five years.

 

Around 12 to 14 cheetahs will be imported from South Africa or Namibia.

Each of the cheetahs will be fitted with a satellite-GPS-very high frequency radio-collar.

International transportation of the cheetahs will be done by either a commercial airline or by a chartered flight. They will be transported to KunoPalpur National Park (KNP) in Madhya Pradesh.

 

Under the plan, Union government, ministry of environment and Cheetah Task Force will form a formal framework for collaborating with governments of Namibia and/or South Africa.

 

Brand India Campaign

 

Commerce Ministry of India is planning to launch “Brand India Campaign” in order to give momentum to exports of services as well as products in new markets.

 

Campaign will be launched in the light that; India’s outbound shipments is set to cross $400 billion in fiscal year 2021-22.

Brand India Campaign would serve as an “umbrella campaign” to promote goods and services exported by India.

Campaign would focus on Indian exports in specific sectors like gems &jewellery; textiles; plantation products like tea, coffee & spices; healthcare; education, engineering and pharma; in the initial phase.

It would focus on quality, technology, heritage, value, and innovation.

 

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