06-07.11.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

ANDHRA PRADESH

Male-female ratio improves in Andhra Pradesh

The state is showing a healthy trend in girl population as the state government is closely monitoring the deliveries, particularly in rural areas. The state has ensured that 100 per cent deliveries are handled at the PHC in tribal area, improving the girl population rate.

AP has already crossed the national average and also the state average in girl population ratio recorded during the last year. According to the latest information, the state reported the birth of 937 girl babies against each 1,000 babies in the last eight months. The state government has been gathering the data on a daily basis and compiling the information on a monthly basis. The senior officials are closely looking into the issue and alerting the district health and family welfare administrations wherever intervention is required.

In fact, AP’s sex ratio during the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-V) based on the information between 2019-2021 is 925: 1,000 (female-male). This is little lower than the national average of 929 against 1,000. Taking the issue seriously, chief minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy directed the medical and health and women and child welfare departments to jointly work to improve the girl child ratio in the state. The state’s sex ratio during 2019-21 has tremendously improved over the past few years due to the focus set by the state government. The female population in AP during NFHS-IV conducted in 2015-16 was just 914 against 1,000 males at the time of birth, it jumped to 934 in the NFHS-V survey conducted in 2019-21. Although the sex ratio is well above the national average at the time of birth, the ratio drops by the age of six years due to the high rate of infant mortality in the state. The state goverment thus adopted multi-pronged strategies to save the girl child.

 

INTERNATIONAL

ISRO: India plans to send rover to moon’s shadow region in collaboration with Japan

 

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), after missions to the moon and mars, has now set its eyes on Venus and also plans to explore the dark side of the moon in collaboration with Japan’s Space Agency.

While making a presentation on ISRO’s future missions, the Director of the Ahmedabad-based Physical Research Laboratory Anil Bhardwaj said that the space agency plans on sending a probe to Mars. He also informed that ISRO was in talks with the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for sending a lunar rover to explore the permanent shadow region to the moon.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) plans on launching its third lunar mission in June 2023.

Notably, the Chandrayaan-3 mission is a follow-up of Chandrayaan-2 of July 2019, which aimed to land a rover on the lunar south pole. It was sent aboard the country’s most powerful geosynchronous launch vehicle, the GSLV-Mk3.

 

NATIONAL

More sugar export could be allowed after assessing domestic production: Food Ministry

The government, which has allowed export of 6 million tonne of sugar till May 31 of the ongoing 2022-23 season, on Sunday said it could consider allowing more export after periodic assessment of domestic production.

A Food Ministry notification issued on November 5 said export quota of 6 million tonne has been permitted from November 1 to May 31, 2023, with an option for millers to export on their own or through exporters or swap with domestic sale quota.

Mill-wise sugar export quota has been fixed for the current season (October-September) based on average production of sugar mills in the last three years and average sugar production in the country in the same period.

At the end of 2022-23 season, it is expected that most sugar mills will be able to sell their production either in domestic or international market through exports and will clear the cane dues of farmers in time.

Sugar production stood at record 35.92 million tonne in 2021-22 season. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka are the top three sugar producing States in the country.

The Uniform Civil Code

Article 44 contained in part IV of the Constitution says that the state “shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. While there is no draft or model document yet for the UCC, the framers of the Constitution envisioned that it would be a uniform set of laws that would replace the distinct personal laws of each religion with regard to matters like marriage, divorce, adoption, and inheritance. Part IV of the Constitution outlines the Directive Principles of State Policy, which, while not enforceable or justiciable in a court of law, are fundamental to the country’s governance.

It has been argued that while India does have uniformity in most criminal and civil matters like the Criminal Procedure Code, Civil Procedure Code, and the Contract Act, States have made over 100 amendments to the CrPC and IPC, as well as several amendments to civil laws.

Election Commission for reducing cash expenditure limit for candidates from ₹10,000 to ₹2,000

The Election Commission has proposed reducing the amount a candidate contesting polls can pay in cash for campaign-related expenditure from the existing ₹10,000 to ₹2,000 to make their transactions more transparent.

As of now, the candidates have to ensure that all payments in excess of ₹10,000 are made by cheque, draft or bank transfer through a bank account opened exclusively for the purpose of election expenditure.

 

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