09.04.19 Andhrapradesh (APPSC) Current Affairs

ANDHRA PRADESH

  • Andhra Pradesh History : Reddy dynasty

 

  • The first of the Reddy clans came into prominence during the Kakatiya period. During this time the Reddys carved out for themselves feudal principalities. After the death of Pratapa Rudra II and the subsequent fall of the Kakatiya empire, the Reddy chiefs became independent and this led to the emergence of the Reddy kingdom. The 19th century writer Edgar Thurston in his book, Castes and Tribes of Southern India stated that Reddys were the village chiefs and listed them under the section Kapu. The village chiefs were given the title ―Reddy‖. The Reddy dynasty (1325–1448) ruled some parts of the coastal Andhra Pradesh for over a hundred years. Reddys became independent after the death of Pratapa Rudra II and the subsequent fall of the Kakatiya Dynasty. Thus emerged the Reddy Kingdom. Prolaya Vema Reddy was the first king of the Reddy dynasty. The capital of the kingdom was Addanki which was moved to Kondavidu and subsequently to Rajahmundry.

 

  • His reign was characterized by restoration of peace, patronage of arts and literature, and all round development. Errana, the translator of Ramayana, lived during this period. Origins of Reddys: The Rashtrakutas and Reddys seem to share a similar origin, from the great ―Rattas‖ or ―Rathis‖ or ―Rashtrikas‖ who ruled the Deccan from ancient times. The ―Rathis‖ ruled over small principalities in the Deccan plateau before 200 BCE, before the Satavahanas and Mauryas. The word ―Rathi‖ or ―Ratti‖ is found under various forms such as Reddi, Ratta, Rashtrakuta, Rahtor, Rathaur. They left coins in northern Andhra Pradesh, Kurnool district, and near Pune. Coins were found in the levels between the megalithic to Satavahana periods in excavations. The usage of the word Reddy specifically was first seen in the inscriptions made during the Renati Chola period (7th century CE). Reddys are believed to be an offshoot of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. After the decline of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the ruling clan broke off and settled in North and South India. Rashtrakutas were a Rajput clan. The settlers in the north are called Rathods/Rathores, and ruled Marwar in western Rajasthan, while the southern settlers were called Reddys.INTERNATIONAL
    • WHO raises alarm over 300% increase in case of measles globally

     

    • World Health Organization (WHO)raised alarm over a 300 per cent increase in the case of measles globally in the first quarter of 2019 compared with last year.
      The UN body agreed the provisional data indicated a clear trend, with all regions of the world seeing outbreaks.
    • The WHO had an early trend for 2019 likely underestimated the severity of the outbreaks since only about one in 10 actual measles cases was reported.
      Around 170 countries have reported 112,163 measles cases to WHO.
      Africa has witnessed the most dramatic rise – up 700% which has weaker vaccination coverage than other regions.
      At this time in 2018, 163 countries had reported 28,124 cases.

     

    • China makes world’s 1st armored amphibious drone boat

     

    • China has successfully tested the world’s first armed amphibious drone boat.

     

    • It is capable of forming a combat triad with aerial drones and other drone ships.

     

    • Built by Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group under China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, the drone ship is named asMarine Lizard.

     

    • Having a maximum operation range of 1,200 kms, the Marine Lizard can be remotely controlled via satellites.

     

    NATIONAL

     

    • Different harvest festivals being celebrated in several parts of the country

     

    • The list of the various new year and harvest festivals with their associated states is as follows:

    Vishu: Kerala

    Rongali Bihu: Assam

    Puthandu Pirappu: Tamil Nadu

    Poila Baisakh: West Bengal

    Maha Vishuba Sankranti: Odisha

    • CMFRI joins hands with ISRO to protect coastal wetlands

     

    • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have joined hands to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in the coastal belt of the country.

     

    • A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the CMFRI and the Space Applications Centre (SAC) of the ISRO to develop a mobile app and a centralised web portal with a complete database of wetlands smaller than 2.25 hectares in the country.

     

    • As per the MoU, the two scientific institutes will identify and demarcate wetlands, and restore the degraded wetlands through suitable livelihood options like coastal aquaculture.

     

    • Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) Headquarters at Kochi.

     

     

    • India turns to net steel importer in Fiscal year 2018-2019

     

    • India became a net importer of steel in the fiscal year 2018-2019 that ended on 31 March for the first time in 3 years, as the 25% import duty on steel products imposed by the US diverted supplementary supplies to India.
      India’s steel imports increased by 4.7% to 7.84 million tonnes in 2018-19 from 7.48 million tonnes a year earlier.
    • Exports fell by 34% to 6.36 million tonnes from 9.62 million tonnes over.

     

    • The iron and steel industry is one of the most important industries in India.
      During 2014 through 2016, India was the third largest producer of raw steel and the largest producer of sponge iron in the world.

     

    • The industry produced 91.46 million tons of total finished steel and 9.7 million tons of raw iron. Most iron and steel in India is produced from iron ore.

     

    • Health Ministry to frame law to ban manufacture and sale of e cigarettes

     

    • The Ministry of Commerceand Industries instructed the Health Ministry to frame law banning manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes in the country as in the absence of the domestic legislation, it would not be possible to put a blanket ban on its imports.
    • The Commerce Ministry stated that without banning domestic sale and manufacturing of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS)through the law, it will be an infringement of global trade norms to put an import ban.

     

    • Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are devices that do not burn or use tobacco leaves but insteadvaporise a solution, which a user then inhales

     

    • The main constituents of the solution, in addition to nicotine, arepropylene glycol
      As per the World Health Organization report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2017, governments of 30 countries which includes Mauritius, Australia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay, Bahrain, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, have already banned the Electronic cigarettes.

     

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