01.02.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

Andhra Pradesh ranks 4th in number of death row prisoners

The number of prisoners on death row in Andhra Pradesh at the end of 2021 stood at 14, the highest in the past few years. Andhra Pradesh stood fourth in the country for maximum number of death sentences (13) awarded in 2021.

The Death Penalty in India report states that the number of prisoners on death row at the end of 2021 stood at 488 in the country, the highest in 17 years. It adds that 2021 saw the highest number of prisoners on death row since 2016. This number (488) was an increase of nearly 21 per cent from 2020.

Five states — Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha — awarded the highest numbers of death sentences in 2021.

Of the 13 persons who were awarded the death sentence in Andhra Pradesh in 2021, 12 were members of a gang involved in highway murders.

The report stated that sessions courts in Andhra Pradesh imposed one death sentence in 2017, four in 2018 and three in 2020.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

UNESCO Heritage List – Nordic Clinker Boats

 

In December 2021, the United Nations’ cultural agency, UNESCO, inscribed the Nordic “clinker boats” to its Heritage List.

Highlights:

For thousands of years, wooden sailboats have allowed northern Europeans to spread influence, trade, and even conflict across continents and seas.

The UNESCO designation was requested jointly by Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, and Norway.

The term “clinker” is said to refer to the way the building’s wooden boards were attached.

The use of overlapping longitudinal hardwood hull planks distinguishes wooden clinker boats.

These planks are held together by stitched or riveted seams. Internally, boats are fortified with additional wooden components, particularly tall oak trees.

Gaps are filled with a mixture of tar or tallow, animal hair, moss, and wool.

 

India-UAE Capital Funds to Support Start Ups

 

India and the United Arab Emirates have pooled their resources to create a $150 million fund to support startups.

Highlights:

Within the next ten years, the fund will assist in creating ten unicorns. Unicorns are companies with a market capitalization of more than one billion dollars.

The fund was announced at the Dubai EXPO 2020. The fund will act as a catalyst for the startups’ development.

It will be highly beneficial to startups in their early stages of development.

In both countries, the fund will support at least fifty startups. The fund’s Indian representative is NASSCOM.

A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between India and the United Arab Emirates to raise the fund.

 

Digital Rights And Principles Proposed By EU

 

The European Union is the first to propose digital rights in the world. The rights are intended to promote democracy and protect people’s rights.

Highlights:

It ensures a secure internet experience. The rights aspire to give all of its member countries affordable digital connectivity.

It also intends to improve the internet’s speed. The rights will equip the classrooms and hire digitally adept teachers.

In addition, digital rights will allow for seamless access to government services. It will give children a secure atmosphere.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

NIPER Research Portal

 

The Ministry of Chemicals recently launched the NIPER Portal to help the pharmaceutical industry innovate and research.

Highlights:

NIPER is the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research.

The NIPER Research Portal will provide information on the organization’s research efforts.

The portal will also provide a list of NIPER’s patents and publications. It will house all of the NIPERs’ research data in one location. This makes information more accessible.

Researchers will be able to contact appropriate organizations with the help of the site.

It will enable researchers to work with the appropriate institution and make their study more impactful.

The gateway will aid the pharmaceutical industry’s development. It will aid collaboration between industry and academia.

 

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