12.02.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

 

Central jails overcrowded in Andhra Pradesh, number of undertrials up 5%

The number of undertrials in various prisons in Andhra Pradesh increased by five per cent in 2020.

The overall occupancy rate in all the jails (central jails, sub-jails, district jails, women jail, open jails, altogether 106 jails) in the state is 84.2 per cent in 2020. A total of 7,375, including 428 female inmates and two transgenders, were in various prisons in the state against its capacity of 8,760 inmates.

Andhra Pradesh has four central prisons located in Vizag, Rajahmundry, Nellore, and Kadapa. The available capacity in the four jails is 3,764 (3,634 male prisons and 130 female prisoners) and it is crowded with 4,178 prisoners (including 4,091 male and 86 female prisoners.)
The number of undertrials (inmates) in the state increased to 5,001 in 2020 from 4,769 in 2019. As per the percentage wise, the undertrials jumped from 62.9 per cent in 2019 to 67.8 per cent in 2020.

The number of convicts (inmates) in the state declined to 2,360 (32 per cent) in 2020 from 2,788 (36.8 per cent) in 2019 as per data by NCRB and analysed by India Justice Report.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2021/2022 Report

 

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2021/2022 report, unveiled at the Dubai Expo, India, is among the highest five most accessible places to start a replacement business.

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2021/2022 report, unveiled at the Dubai Expo, India, is among the highest five most accessible places to start a replacement business.

The survey of Indian respondents, who answered questions on their entrepreneurial activity, attitudes to enterprise, and considering their local entrepreneurial ecosystem, found that 82% think it’s easy to start a business, placing India fourth globally.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

National Productivity Day: 12 February

 

National Productivity Day is observed per annum in India on 12 February.

Highlights

  • Every year on 12 February, India celebrates National Productivity Day.
  • The National Productivity Council’s mission is to encourage and promote productivity and quality awareness in all country sectors.
  •  The most observance of the Day is to encourage all stakeholders to implement productivity tools and techniques with contemporary, relevant themes.
  • The Day is widely known by the National Productivity Council (NPC) to market productivity culture in India.
  • National Productivity Council (NPC) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry Government of India may be a premier institution for propagating productivity movement in India.

 

 

JITs In India

 

Department for Promotion of Industry & Internal Trade (DPIIT) of India and Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) of Japan held an annual meeting to review the progress under Japanese Industrial Townships (JITs) in India.

DPIIT and the States presented developed infrastructure and land open for Japanese investors in these townships.

Japanese companies were requested for field visits to JITs to draw in investments.

DPIIT reviewed the status of JITs with METI during a virtual platform in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Japan Embassy in India and the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) also partook from the Japanese part.

 

INSPIRESat-1

 

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched a satellite called “INSPIRESat-1”.

Highlights

INSPIRESat-1 has been developed by a team of international researchers from India, the U.S., Taiwan, and Singapore.

INSPIRESat-1 means International Research & Teaching Satellite Project satellite one.

It has been developed by the Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology (IIST) in association with the Laboratory of Atmospheric & Space Physics at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

It was launched onboard Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C52

It’s a student satellite with One Year Mission life that will study the orbital heating of the Sun and about dynamics of the ionosphere. The weight of INSPIRE-1 is 8.1 kg.

 

Caste Census Databases Integration By NHA

 

The National Health Authority (NHA) started an exercise to integrate the beneficiary database under several schemes for upgrading its database during a bid to implement the scheme better.

Highlights

AB-PMJAY Stands for Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan ArogyaYojana

It provides insurance of up to Rs 5 lakh per family per annum. Insurance is provided for secondary and tertiary care-related hospitalizations.

Under the scheme, 10.74 crore beneficiary families are identified from the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) of 2011 on the idea of 6 deprivation and 11 occupational criteria, respectively, in rural and concrete areas.

The majority of SECC, 2011 also eligible for benefits under National Food Security Portal (NFSA).

As per Health Ministry, Aadhaar may be a common identity across most state databases.

It will enable the combination of caste census databases and ensure certainty on identifying beneficiaries through e-KYC. e-KYC enables target-based paperless delivery of services.

 

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