15.02.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

White Cheeked Macaque In A.P.

 

Scientists recently found a white-cheeked macaque in Arunachal Pradesh.

Highlights:

The discovery adds a replacement species to the mammal list of India. The White Cheeked macaque was first discovered in southeastern Tibet.

These macaques are different from the opposite macaques mainly due to their white cheeks.

Also, they need an extended tail, long, thick hairs within the neck area. It’s not yet been included within the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

The primary threat to the species is hunting, habitat degradation, infrastructure development, and consumption by the locals.

When they find humans, the white-cheeked macaque gives out an alarm call, climbs trees, and flees.

The frequency of its alarm call is different from that of the Assam macaque.

It lives in tropical forests, evergreen broad-leaved forest, mixed broad-leaved conifer forests. It’s usually found at an altitude of 1395 meters to 2420 meters.

They sleep in multi-male and multi-female groups. With the invention of the White Cheeked macaque, the entire mammal count has increased to 438.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

International Childhood Cancer Day: 15 February

 

Every year, 15 February is observed as International Childhood Cancer Day (ICCD) to boost awareness about the evil that entails this issue and, therefore, how to affect an equivalent.

 

Every year, 15 February is observed as International Childhood Cancer Day (ICCD) to boost awareness about the evil that entails this issue and, therefore, how to affect an equivalent.

The day may be a global collaborative campaign to boost awareness about childhood cancer and precise support for youngsters and adolescents with cancer, survivors, and families.

The most common childhood cancers include leukemias, brain cancer, lymphomas, solid tumors, like neuroblastoma, Wilms’, and bone tumors.

The day promotes increased appreciation and deeper understanding of issues and challenges relevant to childhood cancer and impacting children/adolescents with cancer, the survivors, their families, and therefore society.

Fukushima water plan

 

An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) taskforce started mission in Japan for reviewing controversial planned release of treated water from Fukushima nuclear plant into the ocean.

 

Since the Fukushima nuclear plant went into meltdown after a tsunami in 2011, about a million tonnes of processed water has accumulated in tanks at crippled plant. Storage space at the plant is running out.

According to Japan, the plan to dilute and release water over several decades is safe because, an extensive pumping and filtration system removes most radioactive elements.

IAEA has also endorsed the release and says it similar to disposal of wastewater at nuclear plants at other sites.

 

IAEA will now conduct a mission for reviewing the action, data, plans, and relevant documents, for assessing their compliance against provisions included in international safety standards. IAEA taskforce would be scrutinising elements including “radiological characterisation of water to be discharged” and its impact on people and environment.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

EOS-04 Launched By ISRO

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched an Earth Observation Satellite, EOS-04, and two small satellites into the intended orbit.

Highlights:

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched an Earth Observation Satellite, EOS-04, and two small satellites into the intended orbit.

This was the primary launch mission of ISRO within the year 2022. The satellites were launched onboard the launch vehicle PSLV-C52 rocket from the primary Launch Pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

EOS-04 may be a Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT) designed to supply high-quality images under all weather for applications like agriculture, forestry, and plantations, flood mapping, soil moisture & hydrology.

The satellite weighs about 1710 kg and can generate 2280 W power. It’s a mission lifetime of 10 years.

 

National Air Sports Policy 2022 – Draft

 

The government has prepared a draft National Air Sports Policy (NASP 2022) to promote air sports in India.

Highlights

The government has received the feedback. It examines the comments on the draft National Air Sports Policy.

Under the policy, domestic design, development & manufacturing of air sporting goods will be promoted in line with Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

The policy seeks to form India a worldwide hub for air sports.

It will cover most air sports like aerobatics, amateur-built & experimental aircraft, aeromodelling, drones, ballooning, gliding, paragliding micro-lighting &paramotoring skydiving, glide, and vintage aircraft.

The GST Council will rationalize the GST rate on-air sporting goods to five or less during a bid to form air sports affordable to the common public.

 

MGNREGA Parliamentary Committee Report

 

Parliamentary Committee recently recommended extending guaranteed days of labor from 100 to 150 under the Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).

Highlights:

This was recommended after observing that MGNREGA may be the last fallback option for several people in rural areas.

The Committee gave recommendations when the job scheme had become a security net for migrant workers who returned to their villages amid the Covid-19 pandemic.

Furthermore, demand for work under this scheme has reached an all-time high in the fiscal year 2021-2022.

Finance Ministry has not increased the allocation for MGNREGA in Union Budget 2022-23. Ministry retained it at Rs 73,000 crore for 2022-23.

 

 

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