19.02.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

ANDHRA PRADESH

MoHUA Approval to A.P under Garbage Free Cities

 

Under the ‘Garbage Free Cities’ vision, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has approved Rs 235 crore to Andhra Pradesh, the largest one-time approval of money for legacy dumpsite restoration.

The Centre will contribute Rs 77.66 crore towards this initiative, with the state covering the remainder.

 

What are legacy dumpsites

 

Legacy dumpsites, according to the housing and urban affairs ministry, are a severe environmental danger and contribute to air and water pollution. Legacy dumpsites are nothing but mineralized and decomposed organic waste which is mixed with sand, silt, and fragments of demolition and construction waste.

Cleaning these dumpsites is essential not only for changing the country’s landscape but also for addressing public health and environmental problems.

 

About the mission

 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 on October 1, 2021, with the goal of achieving “Garbage Free Cities” by the year 2026.

One of the primary aims of the Mission is to clean 16 crore metric tonnes of legacy garbage dumpsites which are occupying almost 15,000 acres of municipal land.

At present 118 metric tonnes of uncleaned legacy wastes is present across the state occupying over 463 acres of land.

 

Conclusion

 

At present, dumpsite clearance is a priority with more than 260 cities from five different states and Union Territories have submitted their legacy waste clean-up action plans to the government, showing their dedication towards the vision of garbage-free cities.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Hilal-e-Pakistan Award to Bill Gates

 

Bill Gates, noted philanthropist and creator of Microsoft have been awarded the Hilal-e-Pakistan, Pakistan’s second-highest civilian honor, for his efforts to help eradicate polio in the country.

 

Through Gavi, the vaccine alliance, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has been a major donor towards global polio eradication.

 

GAVI is a public-private global health collaboration that aims to improve vaccination access in low-income countries. By monetary measure, Gavi distributed more than half of total donor aid for health and the majority of donor help for immunization. GAVI is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

NATIONAL

 

Extension of ‘RashtriyaUchchatarShikshaAbhiyan’ scheme

On February 18, 2022, Ministry of Education approved the continuation of ‘RashtriyaUchchatarShikshaAbhiyan (RUSA) Scheme’ till 2026.

 

RUSA is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

It was launched to fund state government universities and colleges for achieving the aims of equity, excellence and access.

 

Extension of RUSA

 

The new phase of RUSA has set target to reach out the unserved & underserved areas, difficult geographies, remote areas, rural areas, tier-2 cities, aspirational districts, areas with low GER, in order to benefit the most disadvantaged areas and Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups. Under the new phase, state governments will be supported for gender inclusion, ICT, equity initiatives, and enhancing employability through skill upgradation and vocationalisation.

 

New phase of the scheme will also implement some of the recommendations and aims of New Education Policy, that suggests some key changes to current higher education system in order to revamp & re-energize it and deliver quality higher education to all.

 

Phase 2 of Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System

 

 

The Government of India has approved Phase 2 of the Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS). This project will cost Rs 3375 crore for the period 2022-23 to 2025-26. This project is being implemented by the National Crime Records Bureau.

 

ICJS Phase 2 would pave the way for more sophisticated and effective policing. The project would be implemented as a central sector scheme. A dedicated cloud-based infrastructure with high-speed connectivity would be used to access the ICJS system.

 

ICJS is a national platform that helps in integrating the nation’s primary IT system for criminal justice delivery. The ICJS project aims to connect the five pillars of the system which are:

 

  • police (through Criminal and Crime Tracking and Network Systems),
  • e-Forensics for forensic labs,
  • e-Courts for courts,
  • e-Prosecution for public prosecutors,
  • e-Prisons for prisons.

The initiative will be implemented by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC)

 

Meri Policy Mere Hath Door-step Campaign

 

With the Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana (PMFBY) entering the seventh year of implementation in the upcoming Kharif season, the government has announced a new doorstep crop insurance distribution policy known as ‘Meri Policy Mere Hath’.

 

The ‘Meri Policy Mere Hath’ door-step campaign has been launched to ensure that all farmers are well informed about their land records, policies, and the PMFBY’s claim and grievance redressal process.

 

In the upcoming Kharif season which will be beginning in June, the doorstep campaign will be launched in all implementing states.

 

About Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana

 

In the month of February 2016, PMFBY was launched with the aim of providing financial assistance to all the farmers who have suffered crop damage or loss from natural disasters. As of February 4, 2022, over 36 million farmer applications have been insured under this scheme with over Rs 1,07,059 crores in claims paid.

 

Labharthiyon Se Rubaroo initiative

 

Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs (MoHUA) interacted with the beneficiaries of Pradhan MantriAwasYojana (Urban) in virtual mode, under the “Labharthiyon se Rubaroo” initiative.

 

This initiative was launched for monitoring the progress of projects under the Mission by interacting with beneficiaries directly.

In the session, Secretary of MoHUA interacted with PMAY(U) beneficiaries from Assam, Kerala and Jharkhand to know about their empowerment stories and life transforming experiences after getting a pucca house of their own.

 

Virtual tour of their houses was also undertaken.

 

This was the 22nd edition of the Initiative, hosted by MoHUA with beneficiaries.

Objectives of Labarthiyon Se Rubaroo initiative are:

 

  1. To monitor the progress of housing projects
  2. To bring about able governance and transparency by interacting with the beneficiaries directly.
  3. To create a platform for officials from MoHUA and respective States/UTs
  4. To facilitate and expedite the construction of houses in their respective cities and
  5. To create a feeling of inclusiveness among beneficiaries.

 

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