23.02.22 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

FICCI to support state in enhancing energy efficiency in Andhra Pradesh

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has appointed Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI), an expert agency, for identifying the potential for energy savings in Andhra Pradesh.

The agency will develop monitoring and support mechanisms for the ‘perform, achieve and trade’ (PAT) scheme activities to meet energy saving targets of the state.

Andhra Pradesh has been given a target of 6.68 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) of energy savings by 2030. This is in line with the roadmap of the Union government for reducing the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now to 2030 and to achieve net zero emissions by 2070.

The FICCI shall support Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Conservation Mission in identifying potential designated consumers (energy intensive industries under PAT scheme) in existing sectors as well as new sectors across the state. They shall compile the best practices and new technologies being followed by other states or nations to explore the possibility of replicating the same in AP industrial units.

BEE has been supporting Andhra Pradesh in implementation of programmes under the ambit of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. One such scheme, which proved to be a game changer in the Indian energy efficiency scenario, is PAT scheme. The scheme focuses primarily on enhancing the energy efficiency of large energy intensive sectors through accelerated adoption of efficient and low-carbon technologies without any financial burden on the state.

Andhra Pradesh has saved around 0.295 mtoe equivalent to 3,430 million units worth of around 2,356 crore in cycle-2 of the PAT Scheme. The state has achieved savings of around 0.20 mtoe equivalent to 2,386 million units of energy worth around 1,600 crore.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Hydrogen Train in Japan

 

Japan has launched its first hydrogen-powered train. This unveiling is seen as a step towards the country’s objective of becoming carbon neutral by 2050. The hydrogen-fuelled train was tested within the country in March.

Highlights

  • “Hybari,” the two-car train costs over USD 35 million or 4 billion yen and might go up to 140 kilometers or 87 miles at a top speed of 100 kilometers per hour on a single hydrogen refueling.
  • The train was developed by East Japan Railway associated with Hitachi and Toyota Motor Corporation.
  • The nation has plans to interchange its diesel fleet with this hydrogen variant of trains and can also look to export them.
  • In 2030, commercial services are expected to start. To attain net-zero energy, Japan has made hydrogen a significant clean-energy source.

 

World Thinking Day: 22 February

 

World Thinking Day, initially referred to as Thinking Day, is widely known annually on 22 February by all Girl Scouts, Girl Guides, and other girl groups worldwide.

  • The day is observed to believe fellow brothers and sisters worldwide, address their concerns and understand the true meaning of guiding.
  • The theme for World Thinking Day 2022 is Our World, Our Equal Future.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Nomura Business Resumption Index- Update

 

For the week which ended on 2oth February, the Nomura India Business Resumption Index (NIBRI) reached a record high of 122.8, up from 119.5 the previous week.

 

The Index showed weak demand due to rising inflation and the scarring due to the pandemic, as the recovery remains uneven, with sluggish consumption and services even before the third COVID-19 wave.

 

Findings of the index

 

NIBRI, at present, has risen around 23 percentage points (pp) higher than pre-pandemic levels, and around 21pp higher than the third wave.

 

The Index reported that Google workplace rose by 1.4 pp and retail & recreation mobility rose by 6 pp from the previous week, touching record highs. The Apple driving index increased by 11.3 points, the labor participation rate remained unchanged at 40.1 percent, and power demand increased by 0.4 percent following a 1.5 percent drop.

The monthly data until the month of January suggests that the third wave had very little on demand, while the supply side remained intact.

 

 

DBT Draft Paper on Synthetic Biology

 

Department of Biotechnology has released a draft foresight paper on synthetic biology. In its paper, department has stressed on the need for a national policy to consolidate India’s stand on the issue.

 

This 70-page document also notes that, India should avoid conflicting stands on science and policy.

It looks not only at global policies and protocols that must be refer to develop such a policy but also defines synthetic biology and how intellectual property rights will be applicable in resulting processes and products.

The paper was developed through a consultative process with experts from several organisations, non-profit organisations, and some people from the industry.

 

Synthetic Biology refers to “science of using genetic sequencing, modification and editing, in order to create unnatural organisms or organic molecules which can function in living systems. Synthetic biology helps the scientists in designing and synthesising new sequences of DNA from scratch.

 

MeitY: Draft Policy on India Data Office

 

A draft data policy has been published by the central government. This policy states that all data collected, maintained, and generated, by every government ministry and agency shall be open and shareable. The government could also monetize and earn from detailed datasets that have undergone value addition.

 

The policy has been named “Draft India Data Accessibility & Use Policy 2022.” It states that the Indian Data Council (IDC) and the India Data Office (IDO) will be in charge of forming metadata standards and enforcing them. IDC will act as the regulatory authority.

The IDC will be made up of the IDO and data officers from five government departments, while the IDO will be set up by the Ministry of Electronic and Information Technology (MeitY) to streamline data sharing and access sharing across the government and other stakeholders.

 

The IDC will be tasked with developing frameworks for defining high-value datasets, finalizing metadata standards and data, and monitoring policy implementation. The various State Governments and Departments will be nominated to the IDC on a rotating basis, with each department having a two-year term.

 

Nomura Business Resumption Index- Update

 

For the week which ended on 2oth February, the Nomura India Business Resumption Index (NIBRI) reached a record high of 122.8, up from 119.5 the previous week.

 

The Index showed weak demand due to rising inflation and the scarring due to the pandemic, as the recovery remains uneven, with sluggish consumption and services even before the third COVID-19 wave.

 

Findings of the index

 

NIBRI, at present, has risen around 23 percentage points (pp) higher than pre-pandemic levels, and around 21pp higher than the third wave.

 

The Index reported that Google workplace rose by 1.4 pp and retail & recreation mobility rose by 6 pp from the previous week, touching record highs. The Apple driving index increased by 11.3 points, the labor participation rate remained unchanged at 40.1 percent, and power demand increased by 0.4 percent following a 1.5 percent drop.

 

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