28.2.23 APPSC Daily Current Affairs

Increasing C-sections a cause for concern in Andhra Pradesh
Increasing number of caesarean births have become a cause for concern in Andhra Pradesh. Even as per the official data, over 50% of the total deliveries occurred at the private hospitals in the last two years in the state are surgical deliveries or C-section births. This stood at about 45% even if the institutional deliveries happened at public health facilities were taken into consideration. The international healthcare community considers 10-15% C-sections as the ideal rate.
While some people are preferring C-sections on what they believe as an auspicious day or time, a few hospitals are opting for C-sections as they can charge more compared to normal delivery. Some facilities are inclining towards the surgical deliveries to make a fast buck under the Dr YSR Aarogyasri scheme, which gives a higher coverage for the C-sections. In some cases, public themselves demand a C-section with a belief that it is a safe option than that of normal birth.
It is assumed that 15% of the pregnancies will land into complication, requiring surgical intervention. Here the caesarean section becomes a lifesaving surgery for the mother and the child. World Health Organisation, in its statement released in April 2015, stated that at population level, C-section rates higher than 10% are not associated with reductions in maternal and new-born mortality rates. As in other surgeries, C-sections also have inherent risk of surgical and anaesthetic complications.
Digitisation of longest continuous solar observations can help explore impact of variations of the Sun on climate
The longest continuous observations of the Sun taken from Kodaikanal Solar Observatory (KoSO)–one of the oldest astronomical observatories have been digitised and made available for community use. The digitised record of solar observations over more than 100 years taken on photographic plates/films can help scientists around the world strengthen their studies of solar variability and its impact on climate, spanning it over a longer time scale.
The data is available as open data that can benefit students and scientists across the world. This data will be a vital asset for the solar community for understanding the behaviour of the Sun in the past, over more than a century, and predicting the future of our life-giving star.
Apple is reportedly working on a new display technology called microLEDs, which is considered the next big thing in the display industry.
MicroLEDs are self-illuminating diodes that have brighter and better colour reproduction than Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display technology.
MicroLED technology is based on the use of sapphires, which are known for their ability to shine on their own indefinitely.
The technology involves the use of tiny light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that are packed tightly together to create a bright and high-quality display.
A microLED is as small as cutting a centimetre of hair into 200 smaller pieces. Each of these microLEDs are semiconductors that receive electric signals.
India Wins GSMA Government Leadership Award 2023
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi’s visionary leadership gets global recognition. GSM Association (GSMA) has conferred Government Leadership Award 2023 to India for implementing best practices in telecom policy and regulation.
GSMA, which represents more than 750 mobile operators and 400 companies in the telecom ecosystem, recognizes one country every year. India was declared winner in the ceremony held at Mobile World Congress Barcelona on 27 Feb, 2023.
Prime Minister inaugurates post budget webinar on ‘Unleashing the Potential — Ease of living using Technology’
A Post Budget webinar on ‘Unleashing the Potential — ease of living using Technology’ held on 28th February 2023. The webinar was inaugurated by Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi with his address to participants which included industry associations, academia, experts, civil society and Government officials. In his address he emphasized on the need to enhance Ease of Living by using technology with human touch. He also reiterated that benefits of digital revolution should reach nooks and corners of the society. India has skilled manpower, talented youth, technology adoption capacity which empowers India to become Viksit Bharat by 2047. He also urged that we must identify 10 problems being faced by our country which can be solved using technology and innovative solutions.
200 crore Aadhaar authentication transactions carried out in January 2023
Aadhaar holders have carried out over 9029.28 crore authentication transactions so far including 199.62 crore in January 2023 alone, indicative of the growth of digital economy in the country.
While a majority of the authentications transaction numbers were carried out by using biometric fingerprint, it is followed by demographic and OTP authentications. In the month of January, 135.53 crore biometric fingerprint-based authentications were carried out, an indication of its usage and utility in the daily lives of residents.
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has already rolled out a new security mechanism for Aadhaar based fingerprint authentication. The artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) based security mechanism developed in-house is now using a combination of both finger minutiae and finger image to check the liveness of the finger print captured.
More than 1100 government schemes, programs and initiatives in the country run by both centre and states have been notified to use Aadhaar. The digital ID is helping various ministries and departments in the centre and at states in improving efficiency, transparency and delivery of welfare services to the targeted beneficiaries.
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