18.11.21 Daily APPSC Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

Student enrollment in Andhra Pradesh govt schools jumps

Andhra Pradesh is one of the few states that have witnessed an increase in the student enrollment in government schools over the years as per the sixteenth ‘Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) 2021’ released on Wednesday. For children in the age group of 6-14, enrollment in the government schools has increased to 71% in 2021 from 62% in 2018 in AP. This shift is seen in all grades and among both boys and girls.

The maximum increase in government school enrollment is seen in Uttar Pradesh and Kerala. Other than Telangana, all southern states have witnessed an 8% increase in student enrollment in government schools between 2018 and 2021. If parental education is taken as a factor, only 56% of the highly educated parents are sending their wards to government schools in Andhra Pradesh. This is almost 91% for the parents in the ‘low’ education category.

As per the ASER, the school education report facilitated by non-profit Pratham, the availability of smartphones in households has almost doubled since 2018. About 72% of the total pupils in Andhra Pradesh currently have smartphones available at homes compared to a mere 42% in 2018. However, 18% of them do not have access to these smartphones for their studies. This means only some 60% of students have full-time or partial access to smartphones for studies.

The study identified digital divide among the students with children from families having low education and no resources like smartphones had less access to learning opportunities. There is evidence of effort even in these households. Parents have been purchasing smartphones specifically for their children’s education.

In 2020, about 4% children had taken private tuition classes in Andhra Pradesh. This proportion jumped to almost 23% in 2021. About 96% of the enrolled children have textbooks of their current grade. ASER 2021 was conducted in 25 states and 3 Union Territories during September and October, 2021.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Russia’s Direct-Ascent Anti-Satellite (DA-ASAT) test

 

DA-ASAT missile struck a Russian satellite called COSMOS 1408, as a result, debris field in low-Earth orbit.

 

This test has generated about 1500 pieces of trackable orbital debris, so far.

 

It will generate hundreds of thousands of pieces of smaller orbital debris, in future tests.

 

As per initial assessment of USSPACECOM, these debris will remain in orbit for years. As a result, it poses a significant risk for the crew on the International Space Station.

USSPACECOM is continuously monitor the trajectory of debris. It will ensure that all space-faring nations get information necessary to safeguard their on-orbit activities.

 

ASAT are space weapons, that have been designed to incapacitate or destroy satellites for strategic or tactical purposes. No ASAT system has yet been used in warfare. But, countries like India, US, Russia and China have successfully shot down their own satellites to demonstrate capabilities of their ASAT.

 

NATIONAL

 

ASER 2021 Report – Highlights

 

16th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2021 (Rural) was published by Pratham foundation on November 17, 2021.

 

ASER provides report on schooling status of children in the age group of 5-16 age across rural India including the ability to do basic reading & arithmetic tasks.

This year, ASER followed a phone-based survey format, as field survey was not possible due to covid-19 pandemic.

 

Survey was conducted during September-October 2021.

It tries to find out how children in aged between 5-16 studied at home since the onset of covid-19 pandemic as well as challenges that schools & households now face in the backdrop of opening up of schools.

 

Important findings of the ASER 2021 report are as follows:

 

As per report, there was an overall increase in proportion of children enrolled in govt schools in between 2018 and 2020. Enrolment increased from 64.3% to 65.8%. But in 2021, enrolment suddenly increased to 70.3%.

Enrolment rate in private schools has decreased as compared to last year. In 2020, enrolment rate was 28.8% which decreased to 24.4% in 2021.

In 2021, 73.1% school respondents received training to implement Covid-19 prevention measures.

Even though availability of smartphones increased to 67.6% in 2021 as compared to 36.5% in 2018, around 79% of children in private schools had smartphone at home as opposed to 63.7% children in government school.

Number of school-going children taking tuition increased by 40% during closure of their schools.

52% of the respondents cited financial distress caused by covid-19 pandemic as the reason of increase in enrolments in government school.

 

Tribal Minister inaugurates TRIFED Aadi Mahotsav

 

The Aadi Mahotsav was launched in the presence of Sukhram Munda, who is the Grandson of Bhagwan Birsa Munda.

 

During the event, Sukhram Munda remembered the sacrifice and contributions of Bhagwan Birsa Munda. He noted that, his grandfather united the tribals in forest and fought for independence.

 

On the occasion, olympic medalist Padma Vibhushan MC Mary Kom was selected as brand ambassador of the TRIFED Aadi Mahotsav.

 

In the Mahotsav, 1000 tribal artisans will be participating from 26 states in the 15-day Aadi Mahotsav to showcase their products.

 

Aadi Mahotsav provides a direct connect between masses and tribal people. A significant feature of the event is “TRIBES India cuisines”, which are created and presented in delectable forms to suit urban taste by special tribal chefs.

 

MoFPI inked MoU with Department of Animal husbandry & Dairying to improve livestock sector

 

The MoU was signed in order to facilitate extension of benefits to dairy entrepreneurs and dairy industries by convergence of several schemes by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

 

It will also help in generating income for sustainable development of rural poor by providing credit support, providing necessary technology and by strengthening quality control.

 

Such synergized efforts will help farmers in doubling their income by means of livestock sector.

Animal husbandry

 

It refers to selective breeding and livestock raising. It is the management and care of animals in which genetic qualities and behaviour of animals are developed to earn profit. Animal husbandry sector supports the livelihood of around 55% of the rural population in India.  According to Economic Survey-2021, contribution of Livestock in agriculture & allied sector Gross Value Added (at Constant Prices) increased from 24.32% in 2014-15 to 28.63% in 2018-19. India is the highest livestock owner worldwide.

According to 20th Livestock Census, Livestock population is 535.78 million in India, accounting for an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012.

Bhumi Samvaad’ – National Workshop on DILRMP

 

The workshop was organised in a bid to boost to national land record modernization programme.

 

This workshop would enable States to share the best practices with each other in the field and learn regarding the latest software developments.

The workshop was inaugurated by Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Minister Giriraj Singh. He also launched “National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS) portal & Dashboard, on the occasion.

NGDRS is an in-house advanced software application for doing registration. This system is configurable and compatible with state-specific needs in India.

 

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