19.11.21 Daily APPSC Current Affairs

 

ANDHRA PRADESH

AP govt engages itself in restoration of electricity in flood-affected districts

 

Restoration of the inundated 132kv sub-stations gets the top priority among the goals the AP Transco has set for itself in bringing normalcy to the flood-hit southern districts of the state.
With state energy minister Balineni Srinivas Reddy and AP Transco chairman and managing director N Srikanth constantly reviewing the situation, a team rushed to the districts to assess the damage as well as to illuminate the flood-ravaged areas.

As water entered the 220kv sub-station in Kadapa, it was decided to shut down the 132kv Vontimitta feeder and 160MVA power transformer, switch off the 220kv Renigunta – CK Palli – Rajampet DC line due to technical snag. Similarly, the rise of water in Peruru and Thummalagunta water bodies abutting Tirupati forced the authorities to shut down the 132kv sub-station, for which alternate supply is arranged from Alipiri and Renigunta sub-stations. Praveen Kumar said supply to the railways had been accorded top priority from Kavali and Gudur in Nellore district.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Global Report On Trends In Prevalence Of Tobacco Use 20002025

 

The World Health Organization (WHO) has released the fourth edition of its Global Report on Tobacco Use Trends 2000-2025.

Highlights:

♦ According to the research, the South-East Asia region had the fastest reduction in cigarette consumption. In 2020, the average prevalence of smoking among males will be 25%, down from 50% in 2000.

♦ Tobacco smoking among women in the South-East Region has declined from 8.9% in 2000 to 1.6 percent in 2020.

♦ In order to fulfil the Global NCD action goal plan by 2025, India and Nepal are anticipated to achieve a 30 percent relative decrease in tobacco usage.

♦ According to the WHO research, if present tobacco control efforts continue, smoking rates in this region might drop to as low as 11% by 2025.

 

World Toilet Day Is Commemorated On 19 November

 

On November 19, 2021, World Toilet Day will be recognised as an official United Nations international day all over the world.

Highlights:

 The day is commemorated to encourage people to take action to address the worldwide sanitation challenge.

 The purpose of the day is to “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for everyone,” and it is observed to inform, engage, and inspire people to take action toward accomplishing the goal of improving sanitation. The topic for World Toilet Day 2021 is “valuing toilets.”

 The inaugural World Toilet Summit was held on the same day as World Toilet Day, which was founded by the World Toilet Organization in 2001.

 Twelve years later, in 2013, the UN General Assembly designated World Toilet Day an official UN day.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Foreign Exchange Reserves Decline By USD 763 Million to USD 640.112 Billion

 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has provided updated data on foreign exchange reserves. The country’s foreign exchange reserves fell by $ 763 million to $ 640.112 billion in the week ending November 12, according to new figures.

Highlights:

♦In the week ending November 5, foreign exchange reserves fell by USD 1.145 billion to USD 640.874 billion. Reserves, on the other hand, hit a new high of USD 642.453 billion in the week ending September 3, 2021.

♦The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) weekly data shows that the reduction in forex reserves this reporting week was due to a drop in foreign currency assets (FCA), a major component of overall reserves. FCA fell $2.094 billion to $575.487 billion in the reporting week, according to the data.

♦Foreign currency assets comprise the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US units held in foreign exchange reserves, such as the euro, pound, and yen, expressed in dollar terms. In the reporting week, gold reserves increased by $ 1.461 billion to $ 40.239 billion.

 

The First Ligo Project In India Has Been Granted Land

 

The Hingoli income division has given the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) project 225 hectares of land in Maharashtra.

Highlights:

♦ The land was given to the country in order to organise primary facilities.

♦ In the United States, just two such labs exist: Hanford in Washington and Livingston in Louisiana. Gravitational waves are studied at these labs.

♦ This initiative will provide scientists and engineers more options for learning more about gravitational waves.

♦ In 2016, the LIGO-India mega scientific plan for analysing gravity waves received “in principle” permission from the Indian government.

 

LIGO is a huge observatory designed to detect and experiment with cosmic gravitational waves. Its primary goal is to exploit gravitational-wave data in astronomy research.

♦ The LIGO India project was suggested with the goal of relocating one of the most sophisticated LIGO detectors from Hanford to India.

♦ The Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the Department of Atomic Energy are piloting this initiative (DAE).

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