Andhra Pradesh stands 3rd in number of farmers’ suicides in country
Farmer suicides in Andhra Pradesh came down by over 13 per cent in 2020 when compared to the 2019.
However, the state stood 3rd in number of farmer suicides in the country. A total of 889 people working in the farm sector (farmers, tenant farmers and others) ended their lives in Andhra Pradesh in 2020 while the number was 1,029 in 2019.
The latest data of NCRB’s, accidents and suicides in India-2020, revealed that Andhra Pradesh, with 889 farmer suicides, occupied third place in 2020, behind Maharashtra with 4,006 farmer suicides, Karnataka (2,016). In 2019, the state stood was third in the country in farmer suicides.
The NCRB data depicts only the profession of persons who have committed suicide and has no linkage whatsoever regarding the cause of suicide.
The Andhra Pradesh government had launched the YSR Rhythu Bharosa scheme in October 2019. The scheme provides Rs 13,500 to the farmers per annum and over 44.92 lakh landowning farmers and 1.58 lakh tenants benefit through the scheme.
World Polio Day Is Observed On 24 October
Affairs:World Polio Day is celebrated on 24 October to raise awareness for polio vaccination and eradication of Polio.
The Day was established by Rotary International to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk,
He led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
The 2021 theme for World Polio Day is “Delivering on a Promise.”
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease.
There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines. Polio can be prevented through immunization.
The Polio vaccine, given multiple times, almost always protects a child for life. Therefore, the strategy to eradicate Polio is based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free.
Polio is caused by an RNA virus, where 85% of the infections are paralytic. Poliovirus is most commonly spread in areas where there is poor sanitation.
PM To Launch PMASBY In UP On 25 October.
PMASBY to be one of the largest pan-India schemes for strengthening healthcare infrastructure across the country
The objective of PMASBY is to fill critical gaps in public health infrastructure in both urban and rural areas. It will be in addition to the National Health Mission.
It will provide support for 17,788 rural Health and Wellness Centres in 10 High Focus States. Further, 11,024 urban Health and Wellness Centres will be established in all the States.
Critical care services will be available in all the country districts with more than 5 lakh populations through Exclusive Critical Care Hospital Blocks. The remaining districts will be covered through referral services.
People will have access to a full range of diagnostic services in the Public Healthcare system through a Network of Laboratories across the country.
Integrated Public Health Labs will be set up in all the districts.
Under PMASBY, a National Institution for One Health, 4 New National Institutes for Virology, a Regional Research Platform for WHO South-East Asia Region, 9 Biosafety Level III laboratories, 5 New Regional National Centre for Disease Control will be set up.
PMASBY targets to build an IT enabled disease surveillance system by developing a network of surveillance laboratories at block, district, regional and national levels in Metropolitan areas.
Banni Buffalo: Indias First IVF Calf Born
India’s first IVF calf of the Banni breed of buffaloes was born at a farmer’s house in Gir Somnath district of Gujarat on 23 October.
♦ Banni breed of buffalo is found in the Kutch region of Gujarat.
♦ The IVC process was conducted to enhance the number of genetically superior buffaloes for enhancing milk production.
♦ Banni buffalo belongs to a dairy farmer from Dhanej village, who gave birth to IVF male calf.
♦ Embryos of Banni donors were instilled in 18 recipient buffaloes using the IVF technology.
♦ The Banni breed had gained six pregnancies at the farmer’s firm, and One calf was born.
♦ This process was carried out by JKBovagenix of NGO JK Trust, a social enterprise of Raymond Group.
♦ Banni buffalo is also known as “Kutchi”, found primarily in the Kutch district of Gujarat.
National Cybersecurity Strategy
National Cybersecurity Strategy is in its final stage in India and ready to be cleared as the increasing cyber-attacks and threats from nation-state actors against India.
♦ India has been working on the “National Cybersecurity Strategy” for the last two years in the cabinet for final approval.
♦ National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 was selected to improve cyber awareness and cybersecurity using stringent audits.
♦ Under the policy, empanelled cyber auditors will carefully look at the security features of companies.
♦ The table-top cyber crisis management exercises will be conducted to reinforce the idea that cyber-attacks can happen regularly.
♦ India has led to avoid any significant cyber-attacks or threats. As a result, in Global Cybersecurity Index 2021, India has jumped from 47 to 10.
♦ As the policy is executed, the country will confront the challenge of addressing cyber-skilling.
♦ As per the report, there will be around 1.5 million job vacancies in cybersecurity in India by 2025.APPSC GROUP 1 Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APPSC GROUP 1 Prelims and APPSC GROUP 1 Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APPSC GROUP 1 Notes are as follows:-
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