DMPQ-Premium-. Write a short note on the origin of Renati cholas. Also give an account of their kinship and administrative system.

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The Telugu Cholas of Renadu (also called as Renati Cholas) ruled over Renadu region, the present day Cuddapah district. They were originally independent, later forced to the suzerainty of the Eastern Chalukyas. They had the unique honour of using the Telugu language in their inscriptions belonging to the 7th and 8th centuries.

The earliest Chola family in the Telugu area was that of Renadu. Regarding their origin, there is nothing on record about the time and the manner in which they established themselves in this region. The nature of the Chola settlement in the Telugu area is sought to be explained by attributing it not to the expansionist activity of Karikala Chola but to the Pallavas who, under Simhavishnu (560 A.D.- 580 A.D.), subjugated the Cholas of the Kaveri region and forced them to move northwards.

Kingship  and administration

The king was the head of the administration. The Chola kings and Queens were considered as representatives of God.  Their idols were kept in temples. The Chola kingship was hereditary. The Chola royal family followed the principle that eldest son should succeed the king to the Chola throne.  The heir apparent was called Yuvaraja, The Chola monarchs enjoyed enormous powers and privileges. The Chola kings took up titles which marked their achievements. They lived in very big royal palaces. Kings were assisted by ministers and officials in their administration. Chola kings had tiger as their royal emblem.

The Chola kings followed a highly efficient system of administration. The entire Tanjore district, parts of Trichy, Pudukottai and South Arcot districts formed the part of’ the Chola Mandalam.  The Cholas had three major administrative divisions called Central Government, Provincial Government and Local Government. Tanjore was the capital of the Cholas. The efficient Chola administrative system has been well appreciated by many historians and rulers.

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