Cities accommodate nearly 31% of India’s current population and contribute 63% of GDP (Census 2011). Urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030. This requires comprehensive development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. All are important in improving the quality of life and attracting people and investment, setting in motion a virtuous cycle of growth and development. Development of Smart Cities is a step in that direction.
Swachch Bharat mission
The SBM aims at making India free from open defecation and at achieving 100 percent scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4041 statutory towns/cities in the country. The targets set for the mission which have to be achieved by 2nd October 2019 are: construction of 1.04 crore Individual Household Latrines (1HHL), 2.52 lakh Community Toilet (CT) seats and 2.56 lakh Public Toilet (PT) seats; and achieving 100 percent door-to-door collection and scientific management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW).
National Heritage City Development And Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)
The Government has announced the vision of a slum-free India through a new scheme, the Rajiv Awas Yojana. The HRIDAY scheme aims at preserving and revitalizing the soul and unique character of heritage cities in India. In the first phase, with a total outlay of ^500 crore fully funded by the central government, twelve cities-Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, Kan- chipuram, Gaya and Warangal—have been identified for development.APPSC GROUP 1 Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for APPSC GROUP 1 Prelims and APPSC GROUP 1 Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by APPSC GROUP 1 Notes are as follows:-
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