India is one of the worst flood affected nation across the world. The frequency of urban floods due to high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Flood management and flood governance are in news often. In this post, let’s analyse India’s disaster response capabilities to tackle floods.
Flood Governance : steps taken by the government
- Embankments were constructed to create a “safe” area for habitation and they provide these in areas where the embankments are new. But large populations continue to stay inside the embankment, that is, outside the “safe” areas, at the mercy of the imminent flood.
- In 1980, the Rashtriya Barh Ayog (RBA) had assessed the area of 40 mha in the country lying in 21 States and one Union Territory. Subsequently, a Committee constituted under the Chairman, Ganga Flood Control Commission (GFCC), Patna in February 2006 identified a total of 39 districts in the country as flood prone.
- The government’s response to floods has been focused on massive structural interventions like dams, dredging of rivers, and porcupine structures to combat erosion. But empirical experience shows that dams often get silted quickly and in order to save the dam, water has to be released downstream, tending to cause flooding as a result of which bamboo porcupine structures gets washed away.
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