Age Structure, Sex Ratio And Rural Urban Composition Of India




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Age structure, sex ratio and Rural-Urban composition of India

 

Rural-Urban Composition:

 

For the first time since Independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas that in rural areas

Rural Population in India: 68.84%

Urban Population in India: 31.16%

Level of urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to 31.16% in 2011 Census

The proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84%

 

INDIA/STATE/UT

TOTAL POPULATION

RURAL POPULATION

URBAN POPULATION

RURAL POP PERCENTAGE

URBAN POP PERCANTAGE

A & N ISLANDS

3,79,944

2,44,411

1,35,533

64.33

35.67

ANDHRA PRADESH

8,46,65,533

5,63,11,788

2,83,53,745

66.51

33.49

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

13,82,611

10,69,165

3,13,446

77.33

22.67

ASSAM

3,11,69,272

2,67,80,516

43,88,756

85.92

14.08

BIHAR

10,38,04,637

9,20,75,028

1,17,29,609

88.7

11.3

CHANDIGARH

10,54,686

29,004

10,25,682

2.75

97.25

CHHATTISGARH

2,55,40,196

1,96,03,658

59,36,538

76.76

23.24

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI #

3,42,853

1,83,024

1,59,829

53.38

46.62

DAMAN & DIU

2,42,911

60,331

1,82,580

24.84

75.16

GOA

14,57,723

5,51,414

9,06,309

37.83

62.17

GUJARAT

6,03,83,628

3,46,70,817

2,57,12,811

57.42

42.58

HARYANA

2,53,53,081

1,65,31,493

88,21,588

65.21

34.79

HIMACHAL PRADESH

68,56,509

61,67,805

6,88,704

89.96

10.04

INDIA

1,21,01,93,422

83,30,87,662

37,71,05,760

68.84

31.16

JAMMU & KASHMIR

1,25,48,926

91,34,820

34,14,106

72.79

27.21

JHARKHAND

3,29,66,238

2,50,36,946

79,29,292

75.95

24.05

KARNATAKA

6,11,30,704

3,75,52,529

2,35,78,175

61.43

38.57

KERALA

3,33,87,677

1,74,55,506

1,59,32,171

52.28

47.72

LAKSHADWEEP

64,429

14,121

50,308

21.92

78.08

MADHYA PRADESH

7,25,97,565

5,25,37,899

2,00,59,666

72.37

27.63

MAHARASHTRA

11,23,72,972

6,15,45,441

5,08,27,531

54.77

45.23

MANIPUR

27,21,756

18,99,624

8,22,132

69.79

30.21

MEGHALAYA

29,64,007

23,68,971

5,95,036

79.92

20.08

MIZORAM

10,91,014

5,29,037

5,61,977

48.49

51.51

NAGALAND

19,80,602

14,06,861

5,73,741

71.03

28.97

NCT OF DELHI

1,67,53,235

4,19,319

1,63,33,916

2.5

97.5

ORISSA

4,19,47,358

3,49,51,234

69,96,124

83.32

16.68

PUDUCHERRY

12,44,464

3,94,341

8,50,123

31.69

68.31

PUNJAB

2,77,04,236

1,73,16,800

1,03,87,436

62.51

37.49

RAJASTHAN

6,86,21,012

5,15,40,236

1,70,80,776

75.11

24.89

SIKKIM

6,07,688

4,55,962

1,51,726

75.03

24.97

TAMIL NADU

7,21,38,958

3,71,89,229

3,49,49,729

51.55

48.45

TRIPURA

36,71,032

27,10,051

9,60,981

73.82

26.18

UTTAR PRADESH

19,95,81,477

15,51,11,022

4,44,70,455

77.72

22.28

UTTARAKHAND

1,01,16,752

70,25,583

30,91,169

69.45

30.55

WEST BENGAL

9,13,47,736

6,22,13,676

2,91,34,060

68.11

31.89

 

 

 

 

 

Age Structure:

 

 Age- sex structure is one of the most important characteristics of population composition. Almost all population characteristics vary significantly with age.

Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Below is the age structure of India:

 

 

 0-14 years: 27.71% (male 186,420,229/female 164,611,755)
15-24 years: 17.99% (male 121,009,850/female 106,916,692)
25-54 years: 40.91% (male 267,203,029/female 251,070,105)
55-64 years: 7.3% (male 46,398,574/female 46,105,489)
65 years and over: 6.09% (male 36,549,003/female 40,598,872) (2016 est.)

 

 

Sex Ratio:

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India.

In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 940 females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males.

While Kerala with sex ratio of 1084 top the list, Daman and Diu with sex ratio of 618 is at the bottom of the list.

Below is the list of states according to the sex ration. In the list we can see the states with good sex ratio.

 

 

 

2011 Census

S.No.

State

Sex Ratio

Child Sexratio

India

943

919

1

Kerala

1084

964

2

Puducherry

1037

967

3

Tamil Nadu

996

943

4

Andhra Pradesh

993

939

5

Chhattisgarh

991

969

6

Meghalaya

989

970

7

Manipur

985

930

8

Orissa

979

941

9

Mizoram

976

970

 

 


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