dmpq-Define the concept of Bodhisattva. Also mention the four important virtues of Bodhisattva.

The ideal of Bodhisattva beholds the highest moral principle of intellect and discipline in Buddhism for the sake of happiness of all the other beings.

Bodhisattva in Theravada Buddhism

It refers to a person who has taken a spontaneous vow to become a Buddha, and in addition to this, such a person is also assured by a living Buddha regarding the fulfilment of the vow. The school focuses on previous lives of Buddha before he attained enlightenment.

Bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism

It is an object of devotion as Mahayana Buddhism inspires others to walk on the path of Bodhisattva because the school believes that every individual possesses an inherent nature like Budhha and hence, anyone can become Budhha.

When a living being (sattva) develops the state of enlightenment (bodhi), that person exhibits four Buddhist virtues, also known as Brahmaviharas. These four Brahmaviharas are as following:

Maitri (Loving-kindness): It refers to goodwill towards all.

Karuna (Compassion): It denotes identification of the suffering of others as one’s own. Muditaa (Empathetic joy): It is the feeling of bliss as others are happy, even if a person has not contributed to it, it is a form of empathetic joy.

Upekshaa (Equanimity): It refers to even-mindedness and serenity, treating everyone impartially.

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