DMPQ- Outline the difference between the Hindustani and Carnatic Music.

Difference between Hindustani and Carnatic Music:

  • Carnatic music is a system of music associated with the southern part of the Indian subcontinent. Hindustani music is associated with North India and is deeply influenced by the Persian and Islamic music systems.
  • Hindustani music is raga based while Carnatic is Kriti-based.
  • Hindustani music stresses pure notes versus the gamaka-based Carnatic ragas.
  • Raga essays (alapanas) are elaborated from note to note in Hindustani and from phrase to phrase in Carnatic.
  • Hindustani has a separate repertoire for instrumental and vocal while Carnatic instrumentalists till recently played the same Kriti-based compositions as the vocalists did.
  • The sarangi is a major accompaniment in Hindustani, while the violin reigns in Carnatic


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