DMPQ: What do mean by the Concepts of Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha ?

  • A life of righteousness for a Hindu is possible through the fourfold scheme of practical endeavour. It comprises the concepts of dharma, artha, kama and moksha
  1. Dharma is honest and upright conduct or righteous action.
  2. Artha means a righteous and honest pursuit of economic activities.
  3. Kama is the fulfillment of one’s normal desires.
  4. Moksha is liberation, that is absorption of the self into eternal bliss.
  • Related to these four concepts are the concepts of karma and samsara. Depending upon one’s deeds (karma) one is able to reach the stage of moksha or liberation.
  • The stage of moksha or liberation is a term for describing the end of the cycle of birth and rebirth.
  • The cycle of birth and rebirth is known as samsara. The Hindus believe that each human being has a soul and that this soul is immortal.
  • It does not perish at the time of death. The process of birth and rebirth goes on until moksha is attained.
  • This cycle of transmigration is also known as samsara, which is the arena where the cycle of birth and rebirth operates.
  • One’s birth and rebirth in a particular state of existence is believed by the Hindus to be dependent on the quality of one’s deeds (karma).
  • For a Hindu, the issue of liberation is of paramount significance.
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