DMPQ:Explain the following terms related to Buddhist architecture: a) Chaitya b) Vihar c) Stupa

  1. a) Chaitya: a Buddhist shrine or prayer hall with a Stupa at one end. Inmodern texts on Indian architecture, the term chaityagriha is often usedto denote an assembly or prayer hall that houses a Stupa. Ex: Karle caves
  2. b) Vihar: The Viharas or monasteries were excavated near the chaityas for the

residence of monks in the rainy season.

  1. C) stupa: It is a large round structure erected over some relics of the Buddha. Most famous of these stupas are Amravati and Nagarjunakonda.
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