As per constitution, there are two types of Houses i.e. Lok sabha and Rajya sabha in the Parliament. Rajya sabha provides representation to states and is upper chamber of the house. The power balance is tilted slightly towards Lok sabha which can be gauged from following provisions:
Money Bill: A Money Bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot amend or reject a Money Bill. It should return the bill to the Lok Sabha within 14 days, either with recommendations or without recommendations. The Lok Sabha can either accept or reject all or any of the recommendations of the Rajya Sabha. In both the cases, the money bill is deemed to have been passed by the two Houses.
. Finance Bill: A financial bill, not containing solely the matters of Article 110, also can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha and not in the Rajya Sabha.
.Special power of the speaker: The final power to decide whether a particular bill is a Money Bill or not is vested in the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. The Speaker of Lok Sabha presides over the joint sitting of both the Houses.
. Financial Power Lok sabha: Rajya Sabha can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants (which is the exclusive privilege of the Lok Sabha).
Discontinuance of Emergency: The resolution for the discontinuance of the national emergency can be passed only by the Lok Sabha and not by the Rajya Sabha.
. No-Confidence Motion: The Rajya Sabha cannot pass a no-confidence motion as Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. It can only discus and criticise the policies and activities of the government.
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