Quasi-judicial bodies have powers analogous to that of the law-imposing bodies but these are not courts. They have all the powers of a civil court. They primarily oversee the administrative zones. The courts have the power to supervise over all types of disputes but the quasi-judicial bodies are the ones with the powers of imposing laws on administrative agencies. These organizations generally have authorities of settlement in matters like the breach of discipline, conduct rules, and trust in the matters of money or otherwise. Their powers are usually limited to a particular area of expertise, such as financial markets, employment laws, public standards, immigration, or regulation.
Awards and judgments of quasi-judicial bodies often depend on a pre-determined set of rules or punishment depending on the nature and gravity of the offense committed. Such punishment may be legally enforceable under the law of a country, it can be challenged in a court of law which is the final vital authority.
Some important non-constitutional quasi-judicial bodies are:
- National Human Rights Commission
- State Human Rights Commission
- Central Information Commission
- State Information Commission
- National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
- State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
- District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum
- Competition Commission of India
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