Economic Growth, Development & Planning 


Economic Growth

  • Economic growth means an increase in real GDP. This increase in real GDP means there is an increase in the value of national output / national expenditure.
  • Economic growth is an important macro-economic objective because it enables increased living standards and helps create new jobs.

Measurement of Economic Growth

Economic growth is measured by changes in the gross domestic product (GDP). It measures a country’s entire economic output for the past year. That takes into account all goods and services that are produced in this country for sale, whether they are sold domestically or sold overseas. It only measures final production, so that the parts manufactured to make a product are not counted. Exports are counted because they are produced in this country. Imports are subtracted from economic growth. Economic growth is measured quarterly measured using real GDP to compensate for the effects of inflation. Here’s more on the GDP growth rate and how you can calculate it.

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