APPSC Group I Mains Revised PAPER — II: History, Culture And Geography Of India And Andhra Pradesh

Following are the detailed topicwise notes for APPSC Group I Mains Revised PAPER — II: History, Culture And Geography Of India And Andhra Pradesh

A .History and Culture of India:

  1. Pre-Historic Cultures in India- Indus Valley CivilizationVedic CultureMahajanapadas– Emergence of New Religions-Jainism, BuddhismRise of the Magadha and Age of the  Mauryas- Ashoka DharmaForeign Invasions on IndiaThe Kushans. The Satavahanas, the Sangam Age in South Indiathe Sungasthe Guptasthe Kanauj and their ContributionsHistorical Accounts of Foreign travelersEarly Educational Institutions.
  2. The Pallavas, the Badami Chalukyas, the Eastern Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Kalyani Chalukyas and the Cholas- Socio Cultural Contributions, Language, Literature Art and ArchitectureDelhi Sultanates– Advent of Islam and its ImpactReligious
  3. Movements like Bhakti and Sufi and Its Influence. Growth of Vernacular Languages, Scripts, Literature, Fine ArtsSocio Cultural Conditions of the Kakatiyas, the Vijayanagaras, the Bahmanis, the Qutubsahis and their contemporary South Indian kingdoms.
  4. The Mughals Administration, Socio-Religious life and Cultural developmentsShivaji and Rise of Maratha EmpireAdvent of Europeans in India.  Trade practices- Rise of East India Company its HegemonyChanges in Administration, Social and Cultural spheresRole of Christian Missionaries.
  5. Rise of British rule in India from 1757 to 1856- Land Revenue Settlement, Permanent Settlement, Ryothvari and Mahalvari1857 Revolt and its ImpactEducation, Press, Cultural changesRise of National Consciousness and Changes- Socio-Religious Reform Movements in 19  century- Rajaram Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswathi, Swamy Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and othersRise of Indian Nationalism- Activities of Indian National CongressVandemataram, Home Rule MovementsSelf Respect MovementJyothiba Phule, Narayana Guru, Periyar Ramaswamy NaickerRole of Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Vallabai Patel- SatyagrahaQuit India MovementDr B.R. Ambedkar and his Contributions.
  6. Indian Nationalism in three phases- Freedom Struggle 1885-1905, 1905-1920 and Gandhi Phase 1920-1947Peasant, Women, Tribal and Workers Movements- Role of Different parties in Freedom StruggleLocal and Regional MovementsInter Religious Unity and Communalism. Independence and Partition of IndiaIndia after Independence- Rehabilitation after partition- Linguistic Re-organization of States- Integration of the Indian States– Indian Constitution- Economic policies- Foreign Policy Initiatives.


B .History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh:


  1. Ancient:  The  Satavahanas the  Ikshvakusthe  Salankayanas the  Pallavas  and  the Vishnukundins- -Social and Economic Conditions- Religion, Language (Telugu), Literature, Art and Architecture- Jainism and Buddhism in Andhra. The Eastern Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, the Renati Cholas and others- Socio-Cultural life, ReligionTelugu Script and Language, Literature, Art and Architecture.


  1. Medieval: Socio- Cultural and Religious Conditions in Andhradesa 1000 to 1565 A.D.-Antiquity, Origin and Growth  Telugu Language and Literature (Kavitraya- Asthadiggajas) Fine Arts, Art& Architecture during the reign of Kakatiyas, Reddis, Gajapatis and Vijayanagaras and their feudatories.

Historical Monuments-Significance, Contribution of Qutubshahis to Andhra History and Culture-Regional Literature- Praja Kavi -Vemana and others.


  1. Modern: European Trade Establishments in Andhra– Andhra Under the Company Rule–    Role of Christian MissionariesSocio-Cultural, Literary Awakening- C.P. Brown, Thamos Munro, Mackenzie-Zamindary, Polegary System- Native States and Little Kings.Role  of  Social  Reformers-  Gurajada  Apparao,  Kandukuri  Veeresalingam,  Raghupati Venkataratnam Naidu, Gidugu Ramamurthy, Annie Besant and others- Library Movement in Andhra Pradesh- Role of News PaperFolk and Tribal Culture, Oral Traditions, Subaltern Culture, Role of women.


  1. Nationalist Movement: Role of Andhra leaders Justice Party, Non-Brahmin Movement-  Nationalist and Revolutionary LiteratureGurram Jashva, Boyi Bheemanna, Sri Sri, Garimella Satyanarayana, Rayaprolu Subbarao, Unnava Lakshminarayana, Tripuraneni         Ramaswamy  Choudhary and others, Andhra Mahasabhas, Andhra Movement- prominent leaders- Alluri Sitaramraju,  Duggirala  Gopalakrishnaiah,  Konda  Venkatappayya,Pattabhi  Seetaramaiah, Ponaka Kanakamma, Dokka Sitamma- Grandhlaya Movement-  Ayyanka Venkataratnam,   Gadicherla Harisarvothamarao, Kasinanathuni Nagesvara Rao- Potti Sreeramulu

Formation of  Andhra State,1953- Emergence of Andhra Pradesh,1956- Andhra Pradesh 1956 to2014- Causes for Bifurcation, 2   June 2014 Impact.


  1. Andhra Pradesh: Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and its impact on Administrative, Economic, Social, Political, Cultural and Legal Implications-  Loss of Capital City, Building of New Capital and  its financial ImplicationsDivision of Employees and their Native Issues Effect of Bifurcation on Trade& Commerce, IndustryImplication of Financial Resources of State Government.   Developmental  Opportunities-  Socio-Economic,  Cultural  and  Demographic  impact  of  BifurcationImpact on River water sharing and other link issuesAndhra Pradesh Reorganization  Act.2014- the Arbitrariness of certain provisions.


Geography: India and Andhra Pradesh

  1. Physical Features and Resources: , Major land forms, Climatic changes, Soil types, Rivers, Water, Streams, Geology, Rocks, Mineral Resources, Metals, Clays, Construction Materials, Reservoirs, DamsForests, Mountains, Hills, Flora and fauna, Plateau Forests, Hill Forests, Vegetation Classification. Click Here for Andhra Pradesh Geography
  2. Economic Geography : Agriculture, Live stocks, Forestry, Fishery, Quarrying, Mining, House hold Manufacturing, Industries — Agro, Mineral, Forest, Fuel and man power, Trade and Commerce, Communication, Road Transport, Storage and others. Click Here for Andhra Pradesh Geography
  3. Social Geography: Population Movements and Distribution, Human Habitations, Density, Age, Sex, Rural, Urban, Race, Caste, Tribe, Religion, Linguistic, Urban Migration, Education Characteristics. Click Here for Andhra Pradesh Geography
  4. Fauna and Floral Geography: Wild Animals, Animals, Birds, Reptiles, Mammals, Trees and Plants and others.
  5. Environmental Geography: Sustainable Development, Globalization, Temperature, Humidity, Cloudiness, Winds, Special Weather Phenomena, Natural HazardsEarth Quakes, Land Slides,  Floods,  Cyclones,  Cloud  BurstDisaster  ManagementImpact  AssessmentEnvironmental Pollution, Pollution Management. Click Here for Andhra Pradesh Geography,History :
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