Number System

 Number system 1. Basic Formulae  (a + b)(a – b) = (a2 – b2) (a + b)2 = (a2 + b2 + 2ab) (a – b)2 = (a2 + b2 – 2ab) (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca) (a3 + b3) = (a + b)(a2 – ab + b2) (a3 – b3) = (a – b)(a2 + ab + b2) (a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 – ab – bc – ac) When a + b + c = 0, then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc   2. Types of Numbers I. Natural Numbers Counting numbers 1,2,3,4,5,…1,2,3,4,5,… are called natural numbers   … Read more

Time & Work

 TIME AND WORK In these problems the number of persons, quantity of work done and time taken are important factors. Also time taken by a person depends on the efficiency of that person which comes into picture when different people do the work such as women, children do the work … Read more

Surds And Indices

     Surds A surd is a square root which cannot be reduced to a rational number. For example,  is not a surd. However  is a surd. If you use a calculator, you will see that  and we will need to round the answer correct to a few decimal places. This makes it less accurate. If … Read more

Square Roots And Cube Roots

 Square Root & Cube Root   Step 1: First of all group the number in pairs of 2 starting from the right.   Step 2: To get the ten’s place digit, Find the nearest square (equivalent or greater than or less than) to the first grouped pair from left and put the square root of the … Read more

Simple Interest

 MATHEMATICS AND QUATITUATIVE APTITUDE – SIMPLE INTEREST Introduction Money is not free and it costs to borrow the money. Normally, the borrower has to pay an extra amount in addition to the amount he had borrowed. i.e, to repay the loan, the borrower has to pay the sum borrowed and the interest. Lender … Read more

Puzzle Test

 Puzzle Test Puzzle Test section comprises problems put in the form of puzzles involving certain number of items, be it persons or things. The candidate is required to analyse the given information, condense it in a suitable form and answer the questions asked.     In this type of test, the questions are … Read more

Prepositions

 Prepositions Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs). Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation. The … Read more

Pipe And Cistern

 Pipes and Cistern   Inlet: A pipe connected with a tank or a cistern or a reservoir, that fills it, is known as an inlet.   Outlet: A pipe connected with a tank or cistern or reservoir, emptying it, is known as an outlet.   If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours, … Read more

Percentage

          Important Formulas – Percentage Percentage Percent means for every 100 So, when percent is calculated for any value, it means that we calculate the value for every 100 of the reference value. percent is denoted by the symbol %. For example, x percent is denoted by x% x%=x/100 Example : … Read more

Median

 Median Median is the middle number in a sorted list of numbers. To determine the median value in a sequence of numbers, the numbers must first be arranged in value order from lowest to highest. If there is an odd amount of numbers, the median value is the number that is in the … Read more

APPSC Mains Test Series 2020

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Mains Test Series and Notes

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