Weather forecast

Weather forecast There are two ways for weather forcasting: Short-range forecasting Meteorologists can make somewhat longer-term forecasts (those for 6, 12, 24, or even 48 hours) with considerable skill because they are able to measure and predict atmospheric conditions for large areas by computer. Using models that apply their accumulated expert knowledge quickly, accurately, and … Read more

Manufacturing policy of India

Manufacturing policy of India The Government of India has announced a National Manufacturing Policy with the objective of enhancing the share of manufacturing in GDP to 25% within a decade and creating 100 million jobs. The National Investment & Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) are an important instrumentality of the manufacturing policy. The NIMZs are envisaged as … Read more

Swaminathan commission for Agriculture Development

Swaminathan commission for Agriculture Development The National Commission on Farmers (NCF) was constituted on November 18, 2004 under the chairmanship of Professor M.S. Swaminathan.  The Terms of Reference reflected the priorities listed in the Common Minimum Programme.  The NCF submitted four reports in December 2004, August 2005, December 2005 and April 2006 respectively.  The fifth … Read more

Institutions of developmental finance

Institutions of developmental finance A Development Financial institution (DFI) is defined as “an institution endorsed or supported by Government of india primarily to provide development/Project finance to one or more sectors or sub-sectors of the economy. the institution differentiates itself by a thoughtful balance between commercial norms of operation, as adopted by any financial institution … Read more

Highlights of 2019’s union budget and its analysis

Highlights of current year’s union budget and its analysis Highlights of the budget,2019 Income up to Rs 5 lakh exempted from income tax Standard deduction raised to Rs 50,000 from Rs 40,000 Direct tax proposals to provide Rs 23,000 cr relief to 3 crore taxpayers Persons with gross income up to Rs 6.50 lakh not … Read more

Pricing of public utilities and government policy

Pricing of public utilities and government policy Priority to public There are a number of principles which govern the pricing of public utility services. There are public utilities like education, sewage, roads, etc. which may be supplied free to the public and their costs should be covered through general taxation. Dalton calls it the general … Read more

Recomendations of the 14th Finance commission

Recomendations of the 14th Finance commission Article 280 of the Constitution of India requires the Constitution of a Finance Commission every five years, or earlier.  For the period from 1st April, 2015 to 31st March, 2020,  the 14th Finance Commission (FFC) was constituted by the orders of President on 2nd January, 2013 and submitted its … Read more

Government market borrowings, loans and grants

Government market borrowings, loans and grants There are two types of borrowings : Internal borrowings External borrowings There is third mean of public loan i.e. other liabilities Internal borrowings Internal debt or domestic debt is the part of the total government debt in a country that is owed to lenders within the country. Internal debt’s … Read more

Urban environment

Urban environment An urban environment is the region surrounding a city. Most inhabitants of urban areas have nonagricultural jobs. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways. Natural urban environment The natural urban environment incorporates not only parks and gardens but … Read more

APPSC Mains Test Series 2019

20 Quality mock tests and GS Mains Notes

Mains Test Series and Notes

Mains Printed Notes (With COD)

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