01-02.08.21 Daily APPSC Current Affairs.

ANDHRA PRADESH

Andhra Pradesh: Digital libraries to be set up in all villages

Chief minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy directed the officials start establishing digital libraries in every village across the state. He wanted them to start the work from August 15, marking the 75 years of Independence.

The chief minister addressed the officials during the review on IT and digital libraries at his Tadepalli camp office on Tuesday. He told the officials to provide high speed internet facility to every house keeping in view the work from home concept followed by several companies due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

The chief minister said that the digital libraries in the villages should have material for students and youth to prepare for all competitive exams. He also told them to provide high speed internet in all village secretariats and the Rythu Bharosa Kendras.

The chief minister instructed the officials to provide three desktops, UPS, desktop barcode printer, scanner, laser printer, software, anti-virus software, unlimited bandwidth internet along with minimum facilities in all the digital libraries. He told them to provide infrastructure facilities including three desktop tables, system chairs, visitor chairs, tube lights, fans, iron racks, newspapers, magazines in the digital libraries. He also told them to complete the construction of data centers for data storage.

The State government will be spending Rs 140 crore for providing infrastructure facilities and computer equipment in 4530 digital libraries in first phase.

INTERNATIONAL

 

 

Two New Heritage Sites in Spain

 

The notable Paseo del Prado avenue and Retiro Park of Madrid, in Spain, has been allowed the situation with UNESCO World Legacy Locales. The wide tree-lined Paseo del Prado, in the focal point of the Spanish capital, is home to conspicuous structures like the Prado Historical center. The notorious Retiro Park, simply connecting with Paseo del Prado, is a 125-hectare green space, and quite possibly the most visited attractions in Madrid’s set of experiences.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Anand Radhakrishnan Won Will Eisner Comic Award

 

Visual Artist (Graphic Artist) Anand Radhakrishnan has won the esteemed Will Eisner Comic Industry Award, considered what could be compared to the funnies world. The Eisner Grants are given out every year and the honor won by Radhakrishnan “Best Painter/Mixed media Craftsman (inside workmanship)” perceives the maker of a realistic novel’s specialty and pictures.

Highlights:

Radhakrishnan imparts the honor to UK-based colourist John Pearson. They won for their work on UK-based creator Slam V’s 145-page realistic novel Blue In Green, distributed in October 2020 by Picture Funnies.

 

Secured Logistics Document Exchange -SLDE

 

The Secured Logistics Document Exchange (SLDE) and a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculator were both introduced.

Highlights:

The government launched a secure logistics document exchange platform for the digital exchange of logistics-related papers, as well as a greenhouse gas emissions calculator for selecting the most sustainable and appropriate mode of transportation for freight movements.

The SLDE platform is a solution for replacing the current manual process of logistics document generation, exchange, and compliance with a digitised, secure, and seamless document exchange system.

GHG Emissions Calculator:

The calculator is an effective and user-friendly tool for calculating and comparing GHG emissions across various modes.

It enables commodity-level comparisons of GHG emissions and total transportation costs, including environmental costs, between road and rail modes of transportation.

 

Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Specialty Steel

 

The Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Specialty Steel has been approved by the Union Cabinet.

Highlights:

♦ The scheme will last five years, from 2023-24 to 2027-28.
♦ The five specialty steel categories chosen for the PLI Scheme are as follows:
♦ Steel Coated/Plated Products
♦ Steel with a high strength/wear resistance
♦ Specialty Rails
♦ Steel wires and alloy steel products
♦ Electrical Steel
♦ PLI incentive measures have 3 sectors, the lowest is 4%, and the highest is 12%, which have been provided for CRGO.

Scheme’s Requirement

With a budget of Rs. 6322 crores, the scheme is expected to generate approximately 40,000 crores in investment and a capacity addition of 25 MT for speciality steel.

By the end of 2026-27, speciality steel production is expected to reach 42 million tonnes.

Speciality steel was selected as the goal segment because of the 102 million tons of steel produced in India in 2020-21, the country only produced 18 million tons of value-added steel/Specialty steel.

 

Dvara E-Dairy Solutions Launched AI Digital Tag

 

Dvara E-Dairy Solutions has launched an AI (artificial intelligence) led digital tag, Surabhi e-Tag, to identify cattle based on muzzle identity. Dvara E-Dairy Solutions is a portfolio company of Dvara Holdings. This digital tag will be used for cattle insurance products offered in partnership with IFFCO Tokio General Insurance.

 

Muzzle images of the cattle are collected through the Surabhi mobile application and stored in hi-resolution images as a unique digital identity.

The artificial intelligence-driven mobile application of Dvara E-Dairy captures muzzle images with the mobile phone, compares the cattle’s unique digital identity stored in a secured cloud server and retrieves the results in less than 60 seconds.

Conventional methods like polyurethane ear tags (PU ear tags) can be easily tampered with and are prone to duplication and fraud.

 

Losses of Discoms drop 38% to Rs 38,000 crore

 

 

Losses of distribution companies (discoms) have declined by 38% to Rs 38,000 crore in FY20 from Rs 61,360 crore in FY19 as reforms initiated by the Centre reduced line losses and gradually brought about improvement in operations, power minister R K Singh said.

Releasing the ninth annual rating of discoms, Singh said the average gap between the cost of power and revenue realisation of the utilities has also narrowed to 38 paise per unit from 42 paise during the period.

 

All the four discoms in Gujarat and one in Haryana — Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam — were given A+ ranking by the report prepared by state-run power sector lender PFC. Altogether eight discoms across Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Manipur, Tripura and Tamil Nadu were given C, or the lowest rating.

Underlining the importance of the ranking, Singh said a fair and accurate assessment of the true position of the distribution sector will help in assessing and improving its performance. “This will also assist state governments, lending institutions and other stakeholders to take important decisions,” he said. The rankings have a bearing on the discoms’ ability and cost of borrowings.

 

 

 

 

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