23.07.19 Andhra Pradesh (APPSC) Daily Current Affairs


  • Andhra Pradesh first state to reserve 75% private jobs for locals


  • Andhra Pradesh has become the first state in the country to reserve jobs for locals in private industrial units and factories.


  • The AP Assembly passed the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019, which reserved 75% private jobs across all categories in industrial units, factories, joint ventures as well as projects that are in public-private partnership (PPP) mode.


  • The new AP law states that if locals with necessary skills are not available, then the companies would have to train them in association with the state government and then hire them. Experts say that with this companies would not be able to hide behind the excuse of not finding skilled labour.


  • The Act also says that only those units that are listed in the first schedule of the Factories Act would be exempted after the government looks into each application and takes a call. These are mostly hazardous industries such as petroleum, pharmaceuticals, coal, fertilizers and cement among others.


  • Companies would have to comply with these provisions within three years of commencement of the Act and would have to provide quarterly reports about local appointments to a nodal agency.


  • CNSA destructed Tiangong 2, experimental space station over the Pacific


  • Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA),the Chinese space agency, destroyed Tiangong-2, CNSA’s 9-tonne experimental space station Tiangong-2.
    CNSA destroyed the space station through a controlled re-entry to Earth which burned it up. Despite CNSA’s plan to burn it in the atmosphere, a small amount of the debris fell into a designated South Pacific Ocean security area. 


  • Tiangong-2 was China’s second experimental station. It was planted into the orbit in The mission aimed at testing China’s orbital technologies. It had completed all of its experiments.


  • It was planned for two-year operational life by more than a year. Only one set of astronauts were hosted to the Station in October and November 2016. But several robotic missions has been hosted to the space station.
    Tiangong-2  was orbiting Earth 16,209 times and spent more than 1,000 days in space. In April 2018, Tiangong-1was destroyed in an uncontrolled re-entry.



  • Union Minister Piyush Goyal to launch Global Innovation Index 2019


  • Minister of Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal planned to launch the Global Innovation Index (GII) on July 24. The theme of the event is “Evaluating the Medical Innovation Scenario of the Next Decade.”They will launch in the presence of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Director General Francis Gurry.


  • The launch of GII mainly shows the innovation rankings of economies and findings for this corresponding fiscal year. The 12th edition of GII with 129 countries under its observation. The GII measures innovation friendly are based on the environment of global economies.There are around 80 entries.


  • The main aim is to highlight the role and dynamics of medical innovation to implement the future of healthcare and the potential impact on the economic growth.


  • The GII started to assess the innovation capabilities of national economies worldwide. The initiative will make to feel the countries facilitate innovation was done by INSEAD and World Business in 2007.


  • Global Innovation Index (GII) generally reveals the innovation rankings of economies
    The launch at New Delhi, India


  • It is a source of insight into the multidimensional facets of innovation-driven growth.
    They provide 80 detailed metrics for 129 economies.


  • The GII evolved into a valuable benchmarking tool that can facilitate public-private dialogue and where policy-makers, business leaders.


  • Lok Sabha passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019


  • Lok Sabha, the lower house, passed The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019on 19 July. It amends the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The Bill aims to strengthen the Human Rights Commission.


  • The Bill aims to speed up the process of appointment of the chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).


  • 1) About the Chairperson:
    The Bill ameds that besides Chief Justice of India (CJI),even a Judge of the Supreme Court can be the chairperson of the NHRC. Earlier, the Human Rights Act said that only a person who has been the Chief Justice of India can be made the NHRC chairperson.
    At State level: The Bill amends to enable any person who has been a judge of a High Court to be the chairperson of SHRC.


  • 2)About Members:
    The Bill appoints the members of the NHRC that constitutes chairman for the National Commission for Backward Classes, the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities.
    3)The Bill also allows approves that the chairpersons of the NHRC and SHRCs can be reappointed.


  • The Bill brings representative to every section of society to a government that stands for the human rights of victimsnot of terrorists and perpetrators of sexual crime.
    ♦ The amendment ensures transparency in the appointment of chairman and members of the commission. It will help fill all the vacancies.


  • 6 crore Indians lived outside their state of birth in 2011


  • More than 56 million Indians lived in states other than the ones they were born in, newly released census data for 2011 shows. While UP, Bihar, Rajasthan and MP had the highest ‘out-migration’, Maharashtra, Delhi and Gujarat saw the largest ‘in-migration’.


  • People born in UP constituted the largest chunk (45%) of Delhi’s migrant population followed by Madhya Pradesh (41%), Maharashtra (31%), and Gujarat (24%).


  • In Kerala, Bengalis, who constituted 5% of the migrant population were the only significant non-southern chunk, with Tamils (53.2%) and Kannadigas (16.4%) being the most numerous among non-locals. Similarly, in Punjab, Himachal, Uttarakhand and Haryana, people from neighbouring states account for most of the migrant population.


  • In most southern states, people from neighbouring states constituted the bulk of the migrant population.


  • Rajasthanis mostly moved to Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana. They, however, constitute the biggest chunk of those from the North (5%), among migrants in Tamil Nadu and other southern states like Andhra and Karnataka.
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