DMPQ- Map out the draught prone areas in India. Also mention the Institutional mechanism for draught management in India.

Droughts and floods are the two accompanying features of Indian climate. According to some estimates, nearly 19 per cent of the total geographical area of the country and 12 percent of its total population suffer due to drought every year. About 30 percent of the country’s total area is identified as drought prone.

Extreme Drought Affected Areas

Most parts of Rajasthan, particularly areas to the west of the Aravali hills, i.e. Marusthali and Kachchh regions of Gujarat fall in this category.The districts like Jaisalmer and Barmer from the Indian desert that receive less than 90 mm average annual rainfall.

Severe Drought Prone Area

Parts of eastern Rajasthan, most parts of Madhya Pradesh, eastern parts of Maharashtra, interior parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka Plateau,northern parts of interior Tamil Nadu and southern parts of Jharkhand and interior Odisha.

Moderate Drought Affected Area

Northern parts of Rajasthan, Haryana, southern districts of Uttar Pradesh, The remaining parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra except Konkan, Jharkhand and Coimbatore plateau of Tamil Nadu and interior Karnataka.

Institutional Mechanisms

  • The Drought Management Group coordinate the efforts to deal with drought in various states.
  • The National Disaster Management Cell, monitors the drought situation in different states and resource availability.
  • The National Agricultural Drought Assessment and Monitoring System, 1989 provides scientific information at district level for most of the states and sub-district levels in a few states.
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