Q5. Why reformation started in Germany?( 5marker)
Ans: Moral and economic exploitation of the church that was responsible for the beginning of reformation in Germany. The exploitation was too pronounced that the people were fed with the church. All sections of society were against the church. The invention of the printing Press by John Gutenberg also favoured Germany. In 1517, Tetzel, the agent of pope came to Germany for the sale of indulgence; this provoked Martin Luther to revolt publicly against the church.
Q6. “ Every men is his own Priest” Discuss the significance of statement? ( 5marker)
Ans6: This was stated by the Martin Luther, the pioneer of protestant reformation. According to him, there is a direct relationship with God without the mediation of church. He stressed the supreme authority of Bible as the foundation of the Church and belief. He opposed the system of hierarchy and stood for priesthood of all believers.
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