DMPQ- Discuss the various types of Intellectual property rights.


A patent is granted for an invention which is a new product or process involving an  inventive step and capable of industrial application. “New invention ’ means the subject  matter has not fallen in public domain or that it does not form part of the state of the  art; Inventive step is the feature(s) of the invention that involves technical advance as  compared to the existing knowledge or having economic significance or both and that  makes the invention not obvious to a person skilled in the art. Capable of industrial  application means that the invention is capable of being made or used in an industry.


A design refers only to the features of shape, configuration,  pattern, ornamentation, composition of colour or line or a combination thereof, applied  to any article, whether two or three dimensional or in both forms by any industrial process  or means which, in the inished article, ppeal o and are dged solely by the  eye.

Trade Mark

A trademark means a mark capable of being represented graphically and which is capable of  distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings.  A trademark can be a sign, words, letters, numbers, drawings, pictures, emblem, colours  or combination of colours, shape of goods, graphic representation or packaging or sound  or any combination of the above as applied to goods or services.

Geographical Indications

A geographical indication identifies agricultural or natural or manufactured goods as  originating or manufactured in the territory of a country or region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of such goods is essentially  attributable to its geographical origin and, in case where such goods are manufactured  goods.


Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic  works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. In fact, it is a bundle  of rights including, inter alia, rights of reproduction, communication to the public,  adaptation and translation of the work.

Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design

The aim of the Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Act 2000 is to provide  protection of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) in the area of Semiconductor Integrated  Circuit Layout-Designs and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

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