DMPQ- . Explain the structure and functions of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes in India.

Composition of NCST 

The Commission comprises a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and three full time members (including one lady member).  The term of office Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and Member of NCST is three years from the date of assumption of charge.  The Chairperson has been given the rank of Union Cabinet Minister The Vice-Chairperson has the rank of a Minister of State and other Members have the rank of a Secretary to the Government of  India.

Functions of the commission are as follows:

  • To investigate & Monitor matters relating to Safeguards provided for STs under the Constitution or under other laws or under Govt. Order, to evaluate the working of such Safeguards.
  • To inquire into specific complaints relating to Rights & Safeguards of STs;
  • To participate and Advise in the Planning Process relating to Socio-economic development of STs, and to Evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State;
  • To submit report to the President annually and at such other times as the Commission may  deem  fit, upon/ working of Safeguards, Measures required for effective implementation of Programmers/ Schemes relating to Welfare and Socio-economic development of STs;
  • To discharge such other functions in relation to STs as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify;

The Commission would also discharge the following other functions in relation to the protection, welfare and development & advancement of the Scheduled Tribes, namely:

  • Measures that need to be taken over conferring ownership rights in respect of minor forest produce to the Scheduled Tribes living in forest areas.
  • Measures to be taken to safeguard rights to the Tribal Communities over mineral resources, water resources etc. as per law.
  • Measures to be taken for the development of tribals and to work for move viable livelihood strategies.


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